Cree, Inc.
CREE INC (Form: 10-Q, Received: 01/21/2009 15:51:34)
Table of Contents

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

(Mark One)

x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended December 28, 2008

or

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from              to             

Commission file number 0-21154

 

 

CREE, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

 

 

North Carolina   56-1572719

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

4600 Silicon Drive

Durham, North Carolina

  27703
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

(919) 313-5300

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes   x     No   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer   x       Accelerated filer   ¨
Non-accelerated filer   ¨ (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    Smaller reporting company   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).    Yes   ¨     No   x

The number of shares outstanding of the registrant’s common stock, par value $0.00125 per share, as of January 14, 2009, was 88,495,196.

 

 

 


Table of Contents

CREE, INC.

FORM 10-Q

For the Quarterly Period Ended December 28, 2008

INDEX

 

          Page No.

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

  
Item 1.    Financial Statements   
   Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 28, 2008 (unaudited) and June 29, 2008    3
   Consolidated Statements of Income for the three and six months ended December 28, 2008 (unaudited) and December 30, 2007 (unaudited)    4
   Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the six months ended December 28, 2008 (unaudited) and December 30, 2007 (unaudited)    5
   Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited)    6
Item 2.    Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations    23
Item 3.    Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk    35
Item 4.    Controls and Procedures    35
Item 4T.    Controls and Procedures    35

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

  
Item 1.    Legal Proceedings    35
Item 1A.    Risk Factors    36
Item 2.    Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds    47
Item 3.    Defaults Upon Senior Securities    47
Item 4.    Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders    47
Item 5.    Other Information    48
Item 6.    Exhibits    48
SIGNATURE    49

 

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PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Financial Statements

CREE, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

     December 28, 2008
(Unaudited)
   June 29, 2008
     (Thousands, except per share data)

ASSETS

     

Current assets:

     

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 195,237    $ 261,633

Short-term investments

     126,956      50,795
             

Total cash, cash equivalents, and short-term investments

     322,193      312,428

Accounts receivable, net

     108,552      110,376

Income tax receivable

     18,064      9,825

Inventories, net

     78,816      80,161

Deferred income taxes

     5,032      4,578

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     14,125      13,000

Assets of discontinued operations

     2,002      2,600
             

Total current assets

     548,784      532,968

Property and equipment, net

     339,793      348,013

Long-term investments

     43,325      58,604

Intangible assets, net

     118,890      125,037

Goodwill

     248,365      244,003

Other assets

     7,342      4,782
             

Total assets

   $ 1,306,499    $ 1,313,407
             

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

     

Current liabilities:

     

Accounts payable, trade

   $ 43,988    $ 37,402

Accrued salaries and wages

     15,206      13,471

Income taxes payable

     9,780      5,314

Deferred income taxes

     1,178      —  

Other current liabilities

     4,631      7,938

Contingent payment due related to LLF acquisition

     4,400      —  

Contingent payment due related to COTCO acquisition

     —        60,000

Liabilities of discontinued operations

     480      550
             

Total current liabilities

     79,663      124,675

Long-term liabilities:

     

Deferred income taxes

     45,123      38,048

Other long-term liabilities

     4,212      4,199

Long-term liabilities of discontinued operations

     834      745
             

Total long-term liabilities

     50,169      42,992

Commitments and contingencies (Note 12)

     

Shareholders’ equity:

     

Preferred stock, par value $0.01; 3,000 shares authorized at December 28, 2008 and June 29, 2008; none issued and outstanding

     —        —  

Common stock, par value $0.00125; 200,000 shares authorized at December 28, 2008 and June 29, 2008; 88,113 and 88,088 shares issued and outstanding at December 28, 2008 and June 29, 2008, respectively

     110      110

Additional paid-in-capital

     823,762      811,015

Accumulated other comprehensive income, net of taxes

     10,488      8,923

Retained earnings

     342,307      325,692
             

Total shareholders’ equity

     1,176,667      1,145,740
             

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity

   $ 1,306,499    $ 1,313,407
             

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements

 

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CREE, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

(UNAUDITED)

 

     Three Months Ended     Six Months Ended  
     December 28,
2008
    December 30,
2007
    December 28,
2008
    December 30,
2007
 
     (Thousands, except per share data)     (Thousands, except per share data)  

Revenue:

        

Product revenue, net

   $ 137,595     $ 111,341     $ 272,288     $ 217,304  

Contract revenue, net

     4,446       7,658       10,131       15,081  

Up-front license fees

     5,582       —         5,582       —    
                                

Total revenue

     147,623       118,999       288,001       232,385  

Cost of revenue:

        

Product revenue, net

     86,831       71,251       173,475       143,831  

Contract revenue, net

     3,790       5,952       8,161       12,018  

Up-front license fees

     506       —         506       —    
                                

Total cost of revenue

     91,127       77,203       182,142       155,849  

Gross profit

     56,496       41,796       105,859       76,536  

Operating expenses:

        

Research and development

     18,441       14,901       35,716       27,678  

Sales, general and administrative

     21,843       18,211       44,761       36,373  

Amortization of acquisition related intangibles

     4,062       4,048       8,124       8,096  

Loss on disposal or impairment of long-lived assets

     645       474       1,050       1,209  
                                

Total operating expenses

     44,991       37,634       89,651       73,356  

Operating income

     11,505       4,162       16,208       3,180  

Non-operating income:

        

Gain on sale of investments, net

     53       —         65       14,117  

Other non-operating (loss) income

     (32 )     66       153       78  

Interest income, net

     2,539       4,516       5,331       8,231  
                                

Income from continuing operations before income taxes

     14,065       8,744       21,757       25,606  

Income tax expense

     3,218       2,104       4,972       6,098  
                                

Income from continuing operations

     10,847       6,640       16,785       19,508  

Loss from discontinued operations, net of related income taxes

     (151 )     (20 )     (170 )     (174 )
                                

Net income

   $ 10,696     $ 6,620     $ 16,615     $ 19,334  
                                

Earnings per share:

        

Basic:

        

Income from continuing operations

   $ 0.12     $ 0.08     $ 0.19     $ 0.23  
                                

Loss from discontinued operations

   $ (0.00 )   $ (0.00 )   $ (0.00 )   $ (0.00 )
                                

Net income

   $ 0.12     $ 0.08     $ 0.19     $ 0.23  
                                

Diluted:

        

Income from continuing operations

   $ 0.12     $ 0.08     $ 0.19     $ 0.22  
                                

Loss from discontinued operations

   $ (0.00 )   $ (0.00 )   $ (0.00 )   $ (0.00 )
                                

Net income

   $ 0.12     $ 0.08     $ 0.19     $ 0.22  
                                

Shares used in per share calculation:

        

Basic

     88,057       85,190       87,954       84,936  
                                

Diluted

     88,511       86,848       88,619       86,713  
                                

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements

 

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CREE, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(UNAUDITED)

 

     Six Months Ended  
     December 28,
2008
    December 30,
2007
 
     (Thousands)  

Cash flows from operating activities:

    

Net income

   $ 16,615     $ 19,334  

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:

    

Depreciation and amortization

     48,696       49,711  

Stock-based compensation

     10,542       7,184  

Excess tax benefit from share-based payment arrangements

     (251 )     (1,562 )

Loss on disposal or impairment of long-lived assets

     1,050       1,209  

Provision for doubtful accounts

     611       423  

Gain on sale of investment in securities

     (65 )     (14,117 )

Amortization of premium/discount on investments

     605       (228 )

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

    

Accounts receivable

     1,533       (11,125 )

Inventories

     1,187       (4,263 )

Prepaid expenses and other assets

     (3,228 )     3,442  

Accounts payable, trade

     6,972       3,166  

Accrued expenses and other liabilities

     473       7,472  
                

Net cash provided by operating activities

     84,740       60,646  
                

Cash flows from investing activities:

    

Purchases of property and equipment

     (31,266 )     (21,095 )

Purchases of patent and licensing rights

     (3,937 )     (3,443 )

Payment of contingent consideration related to COTCO acquisition

     (60,000 )     —    

Purchases of investments

     (212,127 )     (32,769 )

Proceeds from sales and maturities of investments

     152,735       93,670  

Proceeds from sale of property and equipment

     36       52  
                

Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities

     (154,559 )     36,415  
                

Cash flows from financing activities:

    

Net proceeds from issuance of common stock

     6,395       12,849  

Excess tax benefit from share-based payment arrangements

     251       1,562  

Repurchases of common stock

     (2,744 )     (168 )
                

Net cash provided by financing activities

     3,902       14,243  
                

Effects of foreign exchange changes on cash and cash equivalents

     (479 )     —    
                

Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents

     (66,396 )     111,304  

Cash and cash equivalents:

    

Beginning of period

   $ 261,633     $ 93,881  
                

End of period

   $ 195,237     $ 205,185  
                

The accompanying notes are an integral part of the consolidated financial statements

 

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CREE, INC.

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(UNAUDITED)

Note 1. Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Description of Business

Cree, Inc. (collectively with its subsidiaries, the “Company”), a North Carolina corporation established in 1987, develops and manufactures semiconductor materials and devices primarily based on silicon carbide (“SiC”), gallium nitride (“GaN”) and related compounds. The physical and electronic properties of SiC and GaN offer technical advantages over traditional silicon, gallium arsenide (“GaAs”), sapphire and other materials used for certain electronic applications. The Company currently focuses on light emitting diode (“LED”) products, which consist of LED chips, LED components and LED lighting products. The Company also develops power and radio frequency (“RF”) products, including power switching and RF devices. The Company has products commercially available in each of these categories.

The Company derives the majority of its revenue from sales of its LED products. The Company also generates revenue from sales of SiC and GaN materials, and the Company earns revenue under government contracts that support some of its research and development programs.

Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Basis of Presentation

The consolidated balance sheet at December 28, 2008 and the consolidated statements of income for the three and six months ended December 28, 2008 and December 30, 2007, and the consolidated statements of cash flows for the six months ended December 28, 2008 and December 30, 2007 have been prepared by the Company and have not been audited. In the opinion of management, all normal and recurring adjustments necessary to present fairly the consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows at December 28, 2008, and for all periods presented, have been made. The consolidated balance sheet at June 29, 2008 has been derived from the audited financial statements as of that date.

Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted. It is suggested that these financial statements be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 29, 2008 (“fiscal 2008”). The results of operations for the periods ended December 28, 2008 are not necessarily indicative of the operating results that may be attained for the entire fiscal year ending June 28, 2009 (“fiscal 2009”).

Principles of Consolidation

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries. All material intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

Fiscal Year

The Company’s fiscal year is a 52 or 53-week period ending on the last Sunday in the month of June. The Company’s 2009 fiscal year extends from June 30, 2008 to June 28, 2009 and will be a 52-week fiscal year. The Company’s 2008 fiscal year extended from June 25, 2007 to June 29, 2008 and was a 53-week fiscal year.

Reclassifications

 

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Certain prior period amounts in the accompanying consolidated financial statements have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation. These reclassifications had no effect on previously reported consolidated net income or shareholders’ equity.

Uses of Estimates

The preparation of consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities. On an ongoing basis, the Company evaluates its estimates, including those related to revenue recognition, provision for doubtful accounts and sales returns, provision for inventory obsolescence, fair value of investments, fair value of acquired intangible assets and goodwill, useful lives of intangible assets and property and equipment, income taxes, product warranty obligations, employee stock options, and contingencies and litigation, among others. The Company generally bases its estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual amounts could differ from those estimates.

Segment Information

The Company applies the provisions of Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (“SFAS”) No. 131, “Disclosures about Segments of an Enterprise and Related Information” (“SFAS 131”), with respect to required disclosures regarding reportable segments. SFAS 131 requires segmentation based on an entity’s internal organization and reporting of revenue and operating income based upon internal accounting methods commonly referred to as the “management approach.” Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise about which separate financial information is available that is evaluated regularly by the chief operating decision maker, or decision making group, in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance. The Company’s chief operating decision maker is its Chief Executive Officer. The Company has determined that it currently operates as one reportable segment.

Cash and Cash Equivalents

Cash and cash equivalents consist of unrestricted cash accounts and highly liquid investments with an original maturity of three months or less when purchased. Cash and cash equivalents are carried at cost, which approximates fair value. The Company holds cash and cash equivalents at several major financial institutions, which often exceed insurance limits set by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”). The Company has not historically experienced any losses due to such concentration of credit risk.

Investments

Investments are accounted for in accordance with SFAS No. 115, “Accounting for Certain Investments in Debt and Equity Securities.” This statement requires certain securities to be classified into three categories:

 

   

Held-to-Maturity—Debt securities that the entity has the positive intent and ability to hold to maturity are reported at amortized cost.

 

   

Trading Securities—Debt and equity securities that are bought and held principally for the purpose of selling in the near term are reported at fair value, with unrealized gains and losses included in earnings.

 

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Available-for-Sale—Debt and equity securities not classified as either securities held-to-maturity or trading securities are reported at fair value with unrealized gains or losses excluded from earnings and reported as a separate component of shareholders’ equity.

The Company reassesses the appropriateness of the classification (i.e., held-to-maturity, trading securities, or available-for-sale) of its investments at the end of each reporting period. During fiscal 2008, the Company determined that its marketable securities previously classified as held-to-maturity should be reclassified to available-for-sale. This was based upon management’s determination that it no longer had the positive intent to hold the securities to maturity, as the underlying cash invested in these securities would be made available for operations.

When the fair value of an investment declines below its original cost, the Company considers all available evidence to evaluate whether the decline is other-than-temporary. Among other things, the Company considers the duration and extent of the decline and economic factors influencing the markets. To date, the Company has had no such other-than-temporary declines below cost basis. The Company utilizes specific identification in computing realized gains and losses on the sale of investments. Realized gains and losses on the Company’s investments are reported in other income and expense. Investments in marketable securities with maturities beyond one year may be classified as short term based on their highly liquid nature and because such marketable securities represent the investment of cash that is available for current operations.

Inventories

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost or market value, with cost being determined on the first-in, first-out (“FIFO”) method for both work-in-process and finished goods and average cost being used for raw materials.

Property and Equipment

Property and equipment are recorded at cost and depreciated on a straight-line basis over the assets’ estimated useful lives. Leasehold improvements are amortized over the lesser of the asset life or the life of the related lease. In general, the useful lives are as follows:

 

Manufacturing equipment    5 to 15 years
Buildings and building improvements    5 to 40 years
Furniture and office equipment    3 to 5 years
Leasehold improvements    Shorter of estimated useful life or lease term

Expenditures for repairs and maintenance are charged to expense as incurred. The costs for major renewals and improvements are capitalized and depreciated over their estimated useful lives. The cost and related accumulated depreciation of the assets are removed from the accounts upon disposition and any resulting gain or loss is reflected in operations.

Shipping and Handling Costs

Shipping and handling costs are included in cost of revenues and are recognized as a period expense during the period in which they are incurred.

Patent and License Rights

Patent rights reflect costs incurred by the Company in applying for and maintaining patents owned by the Company and in purchasing patents and related rights from third parties. License rights reflect costs incurred by the Company in acquiring licenses under patents owned by others. The Company amortizes

 

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both on a straight-line basis over the expected useful life of the associated patent rights, which is generally the lesser of 20 years from the date of the patent application or the license period. Royalties payable under licenses for patents owned by others are expensed as incurred.

Intangible Assets and Goodwill

The Company accounts for its business combinations in accordance with SFAS No. 141, “Business Combinations” (“SFAS 141”) and the related acquired intangible assets and goodwill in accordance with SFAS No. 142, “Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets” (“SFAS 142”). SFAS 141 specifies the accounting for business combinations and the criteria for recognizing and reporting intangible assets apart from goodwill.

The Company records the assets acquired and liabilities assumed in business combinations at their respective fair values at the date of acquisition, with any excess purchase price recorded as goodwill. Valuation of intangible assets and in-process research and development entails significant estimates and assumptions including, but not limited to, determining the timing and expected costs to complete development projects, estimating future cash flows from product sales, developing appropriate discount rates, estimating probability rates for the successful completion of development projects, continuation of customer relationships and renewal of customer contracts, and approximating the useful lives of the intangible assets acquired.

SFAS 142 requires that intangible assets with an indefinite life should not be amortized until their life is determined to be finite, and all other intangible assets must be amortized over their useful lives. The Company is currently amortizing its acquired intangible assets with definite lives over periods ranging from one to ten years. SFAS 142 also requires that goodwill not be amortized but instead be tested for impairment in accordance with the provisions of SFAS 142 at least annually and more frequently upon the occurrence of certain events (see “Impairment of Long-Lived Assets” below).

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

In accordance with SFAS No. 144, “Accounting for the Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets” (“SFAS 144”), the Company reviews long-lived assets such as property, equipment, and definite lived intangible assets such as patents for impairment based on changes in circumstances that indicate their carrying amounts may not be recoverable. In making these determinations, the Company uses certain assumptions, including but not limited to (1) estimations of the fair market value of the assets, and (2) estimations of future cash flows expected to be generated by these assets, which are based on additional assumptions such as asset utilization, length of service the asset will be used in the Company’s operations and estimated salvage values. The Company also reviews its capitalized patent portfolio and records impairment charges when circumstances warrant, such as when patents have been abandoned or are no longer being pursued.

The Company tests goodwill for impairment in accordance with SFAS 142. SFAS 142 requires that goodwill be tested for impairment at the reporting unit level at least annually and more frequently upon the occurrence of certain events, as defined by SFAS 142. Goodwill is tested for impairment annually on April 1 using a two-step process. First, the Company determines if the carrying amount of any of its reporting units exceeds its fair value (determined using the discounted cash flows or market multiples based on revenues), which would indicate a potential impairment of goodwill associated with that reporting unit. If the Company determines that a potential impairment of goodwill exists, it then compares the implied fair value of the goodwill associated with the respective reporting unit, to its carrying amount to determine if there is an impairment loss.

Contingent Liabilities

 

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The Company has certain unresolved legal matters, as discussed further in Note 12. The Company provides for contingent liabilities in accordance with SFAS No. 5, “Accounting for Contingencies” (“SFAS 5”). In accordance with SFAS 5, a loss contingency is charged to income when (1) it is probable that an asset has been impaired or a liability has been incurred at the date of the financial statements and (2) the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. Disclosure in the notes to the financial statements is required for loss contingencies that do not meet both these conditions if there is a reasonable possibility that a loss may have been incurred. The Company expenses all legal costs incurred to resolve regulatory, legal and tax matters as incurred. In cases where its insurance carrier has agreed to reimburse the Company for legal costs, including any accrued losses, the Company records a receivable in its consolidated financial statements for any such amounts, which are included in prepaid expenses and other current assets.

Revenue Recognition

Revenue on product sales is recognized when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, such as when a purchase order is received from the customer, the price is fixed, title of the goods has transferred and there is a reasonable assurance of collection of the sales proceeds. The Company obtains written purchase authorizations from its customers for a specified amount of product at a specified price and considers delivery to have occurred at the time of shipment unless otherwise agreed in the applicable sales terms. The majority of the Company’s products have shipping terms under which the Company fulfills the obligation to deliver when the goods are delivered to the carrier at the Company’s shipping dock. This means that the buyer bears all risk of subsequent loss or damage to the goods. If inventory is maintained at a consigned location, revenue is recognized when the Company’s customer pulls product for its use and the title of the goods is transferred to the customer.

The Company provides its customers with limited rights of return for non-conforming shipments and product warranty claims. In addition, certain of the Company’s sales arrangements provide for limited product exchanges and the potential for reimbursement of certain sales costs. Specifically, the Company reviews historical sales returns and other relevant data and matches returns or other credits to the quarter when the sales were originally recorded. Based on historical return percentages and other relevant factors, the Company estimates its potential future exposure on recorded product sales. As a result, the Company records an allowance, which is recorded as a reduction of product revenue in the consolidated statements of income and as a reduction to accounts receivable in the consolidated balance sheets. The Company also records an asset for the estimated value of these product returns it believes will be returned to inventory and resold.

Revenue from contracts with the U.S. Government and certain private entities is recorded on the proportional performance method of accounting as contract expenses are incurred. Contract revenue represents reimbursement by various U.S. Government entities and other parties to aid in the development of new technologies. The applicable contracts generally provide that the Company may elect to retain ownership of inventions made in performing the work, subject to a non-exclusive license retained by the government to practice the inventions for government purposes. The contract funding may be based on either a cost-plus or a cost-share arrangement. The revenue recognized under each contract is determined based on cost estimates that include direct costs, plus an allocation for research and development, general and administrative and the cost of capital expenses. Cost-plus funding is determined based on actual costs plus a set percentage margin. For the cost-share contracts, the actual costs relating to the activities to be performed by the Company under the contract are divided between the U.S. Government and the Company based on the terms of the contract. The government’s cost share is then paid to the Company. Activities performed under these arrangements include research regarding SiC and GaN materials and devices. The contracts typically require submission of a written report that documents the results of such research in addition to other deliverables.

 

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The revenue and expense classification for contract activities is based on the nature of the contract. For contracts under which the Company anticipates that funding will exceed direct costs over the life of the contract, funding is reported as contract revenue and all direct costs are reported as costs of contract revenue. For contracts under which the Company anticipates that direct costs of the activities subject to the contract will exceed amounts to be funded over the life of the contract, costs are reported as research and development expenses and related funding is reported as an offset of those expenses.

From time to time, the Company may enter into licensing arrangements related to its intellectual property. Revenue from licensing arrangements is recognized when earned and estimable. The timing of revenue recognition is dependent on the terms of each license agreement. Generally, the Company will recognize non refundable up-front license fees related to patent licenses immediately upon receipt of the funds and if the Company has no significant future obligations to perform under the arrangement. However, the Company will defer recognition for licensing fees where: the Company has future performance requirements; the fee is not fixed (such as royalties earned as a percentage of future sales); or the fees are otherwise not guaranteed.

Accounts Receivable

For product sales, the Company typically invoices its customers at shipment for the sales order value of products shipped. For contract revenue, invoicing occurs based upon the terms of the specific research contract, typically one month in arrears for services rendered and any other allowable direct costs. Accounts receivable are recorded at the invoiced amount and do not bear interest. The Company does not have any off-balance sheet credit exposure related to any of its customers.

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

The Company evaluates the collectibility of accounts receivable based on a combination of factors. In cases where the Company becomes aware of circumstances that may impair a specific customer’s ability to meet its financial obligations subsequent to the original sale, the Company will record an allowance against amounts due, and thereby reduce the net recognized receivable to the amount the Company reasonably believes will be collected. For all other customers, the Company recognizes an allowance for doubtful accounts based on the length of time the receivables are past due and consideration of other factors such as industry conditions, the current business environment and its historical experience.

Advertising

The Company expenses the costs of producing advertisements at the time production occurs and expenses the cost of communicating the advertising in the period in which the advertising is used. Advertising costs are included in selling, general and administrative expenses.

Research and Development

Research and development activities are expensed as incurred. For contracts under which the Company anticipates that direct costs will exceed amounts to be funded over the life of the contract, costs are reported as research and development expenses and related funding as an offset of those expenses.

Earnings Per Share

The Company determines earnings per share in accordance with SFAS No. 128, “Earnings per Share” (“SFAS 128”). Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing net income by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding for the applicable period. Diluted earnings per share is determined in the same manner as basic earnings per share except that the number of shares is increased to assume exercise of potentially dilutive stock options, unvested restricted stock and contingently

 

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issuable shares using the treasury stock method, unless the effect of such increases would be anti-dilutive. Under the treasury stock method, the amount the employee must pay for exercising stock options, the amount of compensation cost for future service that the Company has not yet recognized, and the amount of tax benefits that would be recorded in additional paid-in capital when the award becomes deductible are assumed to be used to repurchase shares.

Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation

The Company applies the provisions of SFAS No. 123 (revised 2004), “Share-Based Payment” (“SFAS 123R”). As a result the Company recognizes compensation expense in its consolidated financial statements for all share-based payments granted based on the fair value on the date of grant. Compensation expense is then recognized over the awards’ respective vesting periods.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

The carrying amounts of cash and cash equivalents, available-for-sale securities, accounts and interest receivable, accounts payable and other liabilities approximate their fair values at December 28, 2008 and June 29, 2008.

Income Taxes

The Company uses the asset and liability method of accounting for income taxes provided under SFAS No. 109, “Accounting for Income Taxes” (“SFAS 109”). Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the estimated future tax consequences attributable to differences between the consolidated financial statement carrying amounts of existing assets and liabilities and their respective tax bases. Deferred tax assets are recognized for deductible temporary differences, along with net operating and capital loss carryforwards and credit carryforwards, if it is more likely than not that the tax benefits will be realized. To the extent a deferred tax asset cannot be recognized under the preceding criteria, valuation allowances are established. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using enacted tax rates in effect for the year in which those temporary differences are expected to be recovered or settled.

Foreign Currency Translation

In accordance with SFAS No. 52, “Foreign Currency Translation” (“SFAS 52”), certain of the Company’s international operations use the local currency as their functional currency. For the Company’s international operations in which the functional currency is considered to be the local currency, the foreign currency is translated into the Company’s reporting currency, the U.S. Dollar, using exchange rates in effect at period end for assets and liabilities and average exchange rates during each reporting period for the results of operations. Adjustments resulting from the translation of these foreign subsidiaries’ financial statements are reported in accumulated other comprehensive income (loss). The foreign currency translation adjustment is not adjusted for income taxes since it relates to the Company’s indefinite investment in non-U.S. subsidiaries. Gains or losses on foreign currency transactions are recognized in current operations.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

Fair Value Measurement

In the first quarter of fiscal 2009, the Company adopted SFAS No. 157 “Fair Value Measurements” (“SFAS 157”) for all financial assets and financial liabilities and for all non-financial assets and non-financial liabilities recognized or disclosed at fair value in the financial statements on a recurring basis (at least annually). The adoption of SFAS 157 did not have a significant impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements, and the resulting fair values calculated under SFAS 157 after adoption

 

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were not significantly different than the fair values that would have been calculated under previous guidance. SFAS 157 defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value, and enhances fair value measurement disclosure. See Note 5 for the expanded disclosures required by this standard regarding the Company’s fair value measurements.

In addition, in February 2008 the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) also released FASB Staff Position (“FSP”) FAS 157-1, “Application of FASB Statement No. 157 to FASB Statement No. 13 and Other Accounting Pronouncements That Address Fair Value Measurements for Purposes of Lease Classification or Measurement under Statement 13,” which amended SFAS 157 to exclude certain leasing transactions from the scope of SFAS 157.

Fair Value Option for Financial Assets and Liabilities

The Company adopted the provisions of SFAS No. 159, “The Fair Value Option for Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities – including an amendment of FASB Statement No. 115” (“SFAS 159”), at the beginning of its first quarter of fiscal 2009. The adoption of the provisions of SFAS 159 did not have a significant impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows, as the Company has currently chosen not to elect the fair value option for any items not already required to be measured at fair value in accordance with U.S. GAAP. SFAS 159 permits companies to make an election to carry certain eligible financial assets and liabilities at fair value on an instrument-by-instrument basis, even if fair value measurement has not historically been required for such assets and liabilities.

Nonrefundable Advance Payments for Use in Future Research and Development Activities

The Company adopted the provisions of Emerging Issues Task Force (“EITF”) Issue No. 07-3, “Accounting for Nonrefundable Advance Payments for Goods or Services Received for Use in Future Research and Development Activities” (“EITF 07-3”) at the beginning of its first quarter of fiscal 2009. The Company’s adoption of EITF 07-3 did not have a significant impact on its consolidated financial statements. EITF 07-3 requires nonrefundable advance payments to acquire goods or pay for services that will be consumed or performed in a future period in conducting research and development activities to be recorded as an asset and recognized as an expense when the research and development activities are performed.

Accounting for Business Combinations

The Company intends to adopt and apply the provisions of SFAS No. 141 (revised 2007), “Business Combinations” (“SFAS 141(R)”) to business combinations prospectively beginning in its first quarter of fiscal 2010. Earlier adoption is prohibited. Under SFAS 141(R), an entity is required to recognize the assets acquired, liabilities assumed, contractual contingencies, and contingent consideration at their fair value on the acquisition date. It further requires that acquisition-related costs be recognized separately from the acquisition and expensed as incurred; that restructuring costs generally be expensed in periods subsequent to the acquisition date; and that changes in accounting for deferred tax asset valuation allowances and acquired income tax uncertainties after the measurement period be recognized as a component of provision for income taxes. In addition, acquired in-process research and development is capitalized as an intangible asset and amortized over its estimated useful life.

Noncontrolling Interests in Consolidated Financial Statements

The Company intends to adopt SFAS No. 160, “Noncontrolling Interests in Consolidated Financial Statements — an amendment of ARB No. 51” (“SFAS 160”) beginning in its first quarter of fiscal 2010. Early adoption is prohibited, but upon adoption SFAS 160 requires retrospective presentation and disclosure related to existing minority interests. The Company does not expect the impact of the adoption

 

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of SFAS 160 to be material to its consolidated financial statements. SFAS 160 establishes new accounting and reporting standards for the noncontrolling interest in a subsidiary and the accounting for the deconsolidation of a subsidiary. SFAS 160 also clarifies that changes in a parent’s ownership interest in a subsidiary that do not result in deconsolidation are equity transactions if the parent retains its controlling financial interest and requires that a parent recognize a gain or loss in net income when a subsidiary is deconsolidated. The gain or loss will be measured using the fair value of the noncontrolling equity investment on the deconsolidation date. In addition, SFAS 160 includes expanded disclosure requirements regarding the interests of the parent and its noncontrolling interest.

Determination of the Useful Life of Intangible Assets

The Company intends to adopt FSP No. FAS 142-3, “Determination of the Useful Life of Intangible Assets,” in its first quarter of fiscal 2010. The Company is currently evaluating the impact, if any, that adoption of this FSP will have on its consolidated financial position, results of operations and cash flows. The FSP amends the factors that should be considered in developing renewal or extension assumptions used to determine the useful life of a recognized intangible asset under SFAS No. 142, “Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets” (“SFAS 142”). The FSP is intended to improve the consistency between the useful life of an intangible asset determined under SFAS 142 and the period of expected cash flows used to measure the fair value of the asset under SFAS No. 141 (R) and other U.S. GAAP principles.

Derivative Instrument and Hedging Disclosures

The Company adopted SFAS No. 161, “Disclosures about Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities—an amendment of FASB Statement No. 133” (“SFAS 161”) beginning in its second quarter of fiscal 2009. As SFAS 161 does not change the accounting for derivative instruments and as the Company currently does not hold any derivative instruments, its adoption did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements. SFAS 161 is intended to improve financial reporting about derivative instruments and hedging activities by requiring enhanced disclosures to enable investors to better understand their effects on an entity’s financial position, financial performance and cash flows.

Hierarchy of Generally Accepted Accounting Principles

The Company intends to adopt SFAS No. 162, “The Hierarchy of Generally Accepted Accounting Principles” (“SFAS 162”), 60 days following approval by the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) approval of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board amendments to current auditing standards codified in AU Section 411, “The Meaning of Present Fairly in Conformity With Generally Accepted Accounting Principles.” The Company does not expect the adoption of SFAS 162 to have any impact on its consolidated financial statements. SFAS 162 provides a framework for selecting accounting principles to be used in preparing financial statements that are presented in conformity with U.S. GAAP for nongovernmental entities.

International Financial Reporting Standards

In November of 2008, the SEC released a proposed roadmap regarding the potential use by U.S. issuers of financial statements prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRS”). IFRS is a comprehensive series of accounting standards published by the International Accounting Standards Board (“IASB”). Under the proposed roadmap, the Company may be required in fiscal 2015 to prepare financial statements in accordance with IFRS. However, the SEC will make a determination in 2011 regarding the mandatory adoption of IFRS. The Company is currently assessing the impact that this potential change would have on its consolidated financial statements, and it will continue to monitor the development of the potential implementation of IFRS.

 

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Note 2. Acquisitions

Acquisition of LED Lighting Fixtures, Inc.

On February 29, 2008 the Company acquired LED Lighting Fixtures, Inc. (now Cree LED Lighting Solutions, Inc.) (“LLF”) through a wholly owned subsidiary. The Company acquired all of the outstanding share capital of LLF in exchange for total upfront consideration of $80.8 million, consisting of (1) $16.5 million in cash, (2) approximately 1.9 million shares of the Company’s common stock valued at $58.8 million, (3) the assumption of fully vested LLF employee stock options valued at $4.5 million, and (4) transaction costs of $1.0 million consisting primarily of professional fees incurred relating to attorneys, accountants and valuation advisors. Additional consideration of up to $26.3 million may be payable to the former shareholders of LLF if defined product development targets and key employee retention measures are achieved over the three calendar years following the acquisition.

As of December 28, 2008, $4.4 million of this contingent consideration to the former shareholders of LLF was accrued based on Company management’s review of the status of certain defined product development targets. Subject to the Company’s Board of Directors confirming achievement of the targets, the Company intends to make a $4.4 million cash payment to the former shareholders of LLF during its third quarter of fiscal 2009. This additional payment is reflected as a current obligation and an increase to goodwill in the Company’s consolidated financial statements. If LLF continues to meet certain defined product development targets during the following two calendar years, additional contingent cash payments totaling $21.9 million may be payable to the former shareholders of LLF. If such contingent payments occur, these will be considered as additional purchase price and result in an increase in goodwill.

The assets, liabilities, and operating results of LLF have been included in the Company’s consolidated financial statements from the date of acquisition.

Acquisition of COTCO Luminant Device Limited

On March 30, 2007, the Company acquired COTCO Luminant Device Limited, a Hong Kong company (now Cree Hong Kong Limited) (“COTCO”), from COTCO Holdings Limited, a Hong Kong company (now United Luminous International (Holdings) Limited) (“Holdings”). The Company acquired all of the outstanding share capital of COTCO in exchange for consideration consisting of approximately 7.6 million shares of the Company’s common stock and $77.3 million in cash. Additional consideration of up to $125.0 million may be payable to Holdings or its designees in the event COTCO achieves specific EBITDA targets over the Company’s two full fiscal years following the acquisition.

COTCO reached the required EBITDA target for fiscal 2008 and earned the first tranche of the additional consideration in the amount of $60.0 million. This resulted in additional purchase price and an increase to goodwill in the Company’s consolidated financial statements as of June 2008. The Company made a cash payment in the amount of $60.0 million to the former shareholder of COTCO in the first quarter of fiscal 2009. If certain defined EBITDA targets are met in fiscal 2009 by the operations acquired through the COTCO acquisition, an additional contingent payment of up to $65.0 million may be due to the former shareholder. This additional contingent payment may be settled in cash or common stock at the Company’s option, subject to certain limitations. If this remaining contingent payment were to occur, it would result in an increase to purchased goodwill.

The assets, liabilities, and operating results of COTCO have been included in the Company’s consolidated financial statements from the date of acquisition and are reflected in all periods presented in the accompanying financial statements.

 

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Note 3. Financial Statement Details

Accounts Receivable, net

The following is a summary of the components of accounts receivable, net (in thousands):

 

     December 28,
2008
    June 29,
2008
 

Billed trade receivables

   $ 113,757     $ 111,851  

Unbilled contract receivables

     4,196       6,188  
                
     117,953       118,039  

Allowance for sales return

     (6,923 )     (5,944 )

Allowance for bad debts

     (2,478 )     (1,719 )
                

Total accounts receivable, net

   $ 108,552     $ 110,376  
                

Inventories

The following is a summary of the components of inventories (in thousands):

 

     December 28,
2008
    June 29,
2008
 

Raw material

   $ 17,116     $ 16,924  

Work-in-progress

     34,285       33,498  

Finished goods

     35,228       35,715  
                
     86,629       86,137  

Inventory reserve

     (7,813 )     (5,976 )
                

Total inventories, net

   $ 78,816     $ 80,161  
                

Note 4. Investments

During the fourth quarter of fiscal 2007, Color Kinetics Incorporated (“Color Kinetics”) announced that it had been acquired. The transaction closed during the Company’s first quarter of fiscal 2008 ended September 23, 2007, and as a result the Company liquidated its remaining 500,000 shares of Color Kinetics stock. The Company no longer holds an equity investment in Color Kinetics. The Company received proceeds of $17.0 million and recognized a pre-tax gain of $14.1 million from this transaction in the consolidated statement of income during its first quarter of fiscal 2008 ended September 23, 2007.

Note 5. Fair Value of Financial Instruments

Under SFAS 157, fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability (i.e., “the exit price”) in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. In determining fair value, the Company uses various valuation approaches, including quoted market prices and discounted cash flows. SFAS 157 also establishes a hierarchy for inputs used in measuring fair value that maximizes the use of observable inputs and minimizes the use of unobservable inputs by requiring that the most observable inputs be used when available. Observable inputs are obtained from independent sources and can be validated by a third party, whereas, unobservable inputs

 

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reflect assumptions regarding what a third party would use in pricing an asset or liability. The fair value hierarchy is broken down into three levels based on the reliability of inputs as follows:

 

   

Level 1—Valuations based on quoted prices in active markets for identical instruments that the Company is able to access. Since valuations are based on quoted prices that are readily and regularly available in an active market, valuation of these products does not entail a significant degree of judgment.

 

   

Level 2—Valuations based on quoted prices in active markets for instruments that are similar, or quoted prices in markets that are not active for identical or similar instruments, and model-derived valuations in which all significant inputs and significant value drivers are observable in active markets.

 

   

Level 3—Valuations based on inputs that are unobservable and significant to the overall fair value measurement.

The financial assets for which the Company performs recurring fair value remeasurements are cash equivalents, short-term investments and long-term investments. The financial assets for which the Company may be required to perform non-recurring fair value remeasurements (e.g., an impairment of assets) are any investments in privately-held companies. As of December 28, 2008, financial assets utilizing Level 1 inputs included cash equivalents such as money market deposits, and other investments with quoted prices available for identical items in active markets. Financial assets utilizing Level 2 inputs included corporate bonds, municipal bonds and other instruments. The Company does not have any significant financial assets requiring the use of Level 3 inputs.

The following table sets forth financial instruments carried at fair value within the SFAS 157 hierarchy and using the lowest level of input as of December 28, 2008 (in thousands):

 

     Financial Instruments Carried at Fair Value
     Quoted Prices
in Active

Markets for
Identical Items
(Level 1)
   Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
   Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
   Total

Assets:

           

Cash equivalents

   $ 99,913    $ —      $ —      $ 99,913

Short-term investments

     5,140      121,816      —        126,956

Long-term investments

     11,669      31,656      —        43,325
                           

Total assets

   $ 116,722    $ 153,472    $ —      $ 270,194
                           

Realized gains and losses from the sale of investments are included in “Gain on sale of investments, net” and unrealized gains and losses are included as a separate component of equity, net of tax, unless the loss is determined to be “other-than-temporary.”

The Company evaluates its investments for possible impairment or a decline in fair value below cost basis that is deemed to be “other-than-temporary” on a periodic basis. It considers such factors as the length of time and extent to which fair value has been below cost basis, the financial condition of the investee, and

 

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its ability and intent to hold the investment for a period of time that may be sufficient for an anticipated recovery in market value.

Note 6. Intangible Assets and Goodwill

Intangible Assets

The following table reflects the components of intangible assets (in thousands):

 

     December 28,
2008
    June 29,
2008
 

Customer relationships

   $ 52,620     $ 52,620  

Developed technology

     51,860       51,860  

Patent and license rights

     58,332       54,596  
                
   $ 162,812     $ 159,076  

Accumulated amortization

     (43,922 )     (34,039 )
                

Intangible assets, net

   $ 118,890     $ 125,037  
                

Total amortization expense, including the amortization of acquisition related intangibles, patents and license rights, recognized during the three and six months ended December 28, 2008 was $5.0 million and $9.9 million, respectively. For the three and six months ended December 30, 2007, total amortization expense, including amortization of acquisition related intangibles, patents and license rights, was $4.9 million and $9.7 million, respectively.

Goodwill

Goodwill increased from approximately $244.0 million at June 29, 2008 to approximately $248.4 million at December 28, 2008 due primarily to the accrued contingent consideration payment related to the acquisition of LLF.

Note 7. Shareholders’ Equity

As of December 28, 2008, there remained approximately 4.5 million shares of the Company’s common stock approved for repurchase under a repurchase program authorized by the Board of Directors that extends through June 2009. During the fiscal quarter ended December 28, 2008, the Company did not repurchase any shares. For the six months ended December 28, 2008, the Company repurchased approximately 0.1 million shares at an average price of $21.18 per share with an aggregate value of approximately $2.7 million.

Note 8. Earnings Per Share

The following computation reconciles the differences between the basic and diluted earnings per share presentations (in thousands, except per share amounts):

 

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     Three Months Ended    Six Months Ended
     December 28,
2008
   December 30,
2007
   December 28,
2008
   December 30,
2007

Basic:

           

Net income

   $ 10,696    $ 6,620    $ 16,615    $ 19,334
                           

Weighted average common shares

     88,057      85,190      87,954      84,936
                           

Basic earnings per share

   $ 0.12    $ 0.08    $ 0.19    $ 0.23
                           

Diluted:

           

Net income

   $ 10,696    $ 6,620    $ 16,615    $ 19,334
                           

Weighted average common shares - basic

     88,057      85,190      87,954      84,936

Dilutive effect of stock options, unvested shares and ESPP purchase rights

     454      1,658      665      1,777
                           

Weighted average common shares - diluted

     88,511      86,848      88,619      86,713
                           

Diluted earnings per share

   $ 0.12    $ 0.08    $ 0.19    $ 0.22
                           

Potential common shares that would have the effect of increasing diluted earnings per share are considered to be antidilutive. In accordance with SFAS 128, these shares were not included in calculating diluted earnings per share. For the three and six months ended December 28, 2008 there were 9.3 million and 7.8 million shares, respectively, not included in calculating diluted earnings per share because their effect was antidilutive. For the three and six months ended December 30, 2007 there were 4.6 million and 4.2 million shares, respectively, not included in calculating diluted earnings per share because their effect was antidilutive.

Note 9. Comprehensive Income

The following presents a summary of activity in comprehensive income (in thousands):

 

     Three Months Ended    Six Months Ended  
     December 28,
2008
    December 30,
2007
   December 28,
2008
   December 30,
2007
 

Net income

   $ 10,696     $ 6,620    $ 16,615    $ 19,334  

Other comprehensive income (loss):

          

Foreign currency translation adjustments

     (91 )     5      294      5  

Cumulative change in accounting principle

     —         —        —        (36 )

Realized gain on sale of Color Kinetics stock, net of tax (Note 4)

     —         —        —        (8,829 )

Net unrealized income on available-for-sale securities, net of tax

     1,974       —        1,271      166  
                              

Total other comprehensive income (loss)

     1,883       5      1,565      (8,694 )
                              

Comprehensive income

   $ 12,579     $ 6,625    $ 18,180    $ 10,640  
                              

Note 10. Stock-Based Compensation

The Company currently has one equity-based compensation plan from which stock-based compensation awards can be granted to employees and directors. In addition, the Company has plans that have been

 

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terminated as to future grants, but under which options are currently outstanding. The Company also has an Employee Stock Purchase Plan that provides employees with the opportunity to purchase the Company’s common stock at 85% of the fair market value of the common stock at two designated times each year.

Stock Option Awards

The following table summarizes outstanding option awards as of December 28, 2008, and changes during the six months then ended (in thousands, except per share amounts):

 

     Number of
Shares
    Weighted-
Average
Exercise Price
per Share

Outstanding at June 29, 2008

   8,865     $ 27.76

Granted

   1,763       22.74

Exercised

   (229 )     17.61

Forfeited or expired

   (291 )     27.22
            

Outstanding at December 28, 2008

   10,108     $ 27.13
            

Restricted Stock Awards

A summary of nonvested shares of restricted stock awards outstanding under the Company’s 2004 Long-Term Incentive Compensation Plan as of December 28, 2008, and changes during the six months then ended, follows (in thousands, except per share amounts):

 

     Number of
Shares
    Weighted-
Average Grant-
Date Fair
Value per
Share

Nonvested at June 29, 2008

   290     $ 24.44

Granted

   167     $ 22.90

Vested

   (3 )   $ 22.53

Forfeited

   (92 )     23.19
            

Nonvested at December 28, 2008

   362     $ 24.06
            

Stock-Based Compensation Valuation and Expense

The Company accounts for its employee stock-based compensation plan using the fair value method. The fair value method requires the Company to estimate the grant date fair value of its stock-based awards and amortize this fair value to compensation expense over the requisite service period or vesting term.

To estimate the fair value of the Company’s stock option awards the Company currently uses the Black-Scholes option-pricing model. The determination of the fair value of stock-based payment awards on the date of grant using an option-pricing model is affected by the Company’s stock price as well as assumptions regarding a number of complex and subjective variables. These variables include the expected stock price volatility over the term of the awards, actual and projected employee stock option exercise behaviors, risk-free interest rate and expected dividends. Due to the inherent limitations of

 

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option-valuation models available today, including future events that are unpredictable and the estimation process utilized in determining the valuation of the stock-based awards, the ultimate value realized by award holders may vary significantly from the amounts expensed in the Company’s financial statements.

For restricted stock awards, grant date fair value is based upon the market price of the Company’s common stock on the date of the grant. This fair value is then amortized to compensation expense over the requisite service period or vesting term.

SFAS 123R requires forfeitures to be estimated at the time of grant and revised, if necessary, in subsequent periods if actual forfeitures differ from initial estimates. Forfeitures are based primarily upon historical experience.

Total stock-based compensation expense, net of amounts capitalized into inventory was as follows (in thousands):

 

     Three Months Ended    Six Months Ended

Income Statement Classification

   December 28,
2008
   December 30,
2007
   December 28,
2008
   December 30,
2007

Cost of goods sold

   $ 883    $ 727    $ 2,185    $ 1,641

Research and development

     1,247      1,039      2,693      1,936

Sales, general and administrative

     2,979      2,172      5,664      3,607
                           

Total operating expenses

     4,226      3,211      8,357      5,543
                           

Total

   $ 5,109    $ 3,938    $ 10,542    $ 7,184
                           

Approximately $0.8 million and $1.2 million of stock-based compensation has been recorded in inventory in the Company’s consolidated balance sheets as of December 28, 2008 and June 29, 2008, respectively.

Note 11. Income Taxes

The variation between the Company’s effective tax rate and the U.S. statutory rate of 35% is primarily due to the consolidation of its foreign operations, which are generally subject to income taxes at lower statutory rates. A change in the mix of pretax income from these various tax jurisdictions can have a significant impact on the Company’s periodic effective tax rate.

Effective with the beginning of the first quarter of fiscal 2008, the Company adopted the provisions of FASB Interpretation No. 48, “Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes – an interpretation of FASB Statement No. 109” (“FIN 48”). FIN 48 contains a two-step approach to recognizing and measuring uncertain tax positions accounted for in accordance with SFAS No. 109, “Accounting for Income Taxes.” The first step is to evaluate the tax position for recognition by determining if the weight of available evidence indicates that it is more likely than not that the position will be sustained on audit, including resolution of related appeals or litigation processes, if any. The second step is to measure the tax benefit as the largest amount that is cumulatively more than 50% likely to be realized upon ultimate settlement.

At June 29, 2008, the Company had recognized $17.8 million of unrecognized tax benefits. During the six months ended December 28, 2008, the Company recognized a decrease in total unrecognized tax benefits of $11.2 million, as a result of the settlement of the Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) examination for fiscal years 2006 and 2007 (and for fiscal years 1991-2005 for certain carryforward tax attributes claimed on the fiscal years 2006 and 2007 tax returns). As a result, the total amount of unrecognized tax benefits as of December 28, 2008 is $6.6 million. Of the $6.6 million, $6.2 million

 

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represents tax positions that, if recognized, would impact the effective tax rate, as of the effective date of SFAS 141(R). Although the ultimate timing of the resolution and/or closure of audits is highly uncertain, the Company believes it is reasonably possible that approximately $0.4 million of gross unrecognized tax benefits will change in the next 12 months.

The Company’s policy is to include interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits within the income tax expense line item in the consolidated statements of income. As of December 28, 2008, the Company had accrued $1.1 million of interest and penalties (which was previously recorded against goodwill when established and remains unchanged).

The Company files U.S. federal, U.S. state, and foreign tax returns. For U.S. federal purposes, the Company is generally no longer subject to tax examinations for fiscal years ended June 24, 2007 and prior. For foreign purposes, the Company is no longer subject to examination for tax periods 2001 and prior. During the six months ended December 28, 2008, the Company settled its examination by the Internal Revenue Service for fiscal years 2006 and 2007. For U.S. state tax returns the Company is generally no longer subject to tax examinations for fiscal years 2003 and prior (and for fiscal year 1998 through fiscal year 2003 for certain carryforward tax attributes). The Company is currently under examination by the North Carolina Department of Revenue for fiscal years 2004 – 2007.

Note 12. Commitments and Contingencies

Please refer to the section entitled “Litigation” under Note 12—Commitments and Contingencies of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 29, 2008 for a description of material legal proceedings, including the proceedings discussed below.

Bridgelux Patent Litigation

In December 2008, the Company, Boston University, and Bridgelux, Inc. (“Bridgelux”) entered into an agreement to resolve the litigation between the parties. Pursuant to the settlement agreement, all claims and counterclaims in the lawsuits have been dismissed without prejudice. The Company granted Bridgelux a license to the Company and Boston University patents at issue in the litigation, and Bridgelux agreed to pay a license fee and royalties. In addition, Bridgelux and the Company entered into a supply agreement under which the Company is to supply LED chips to Bridgelux.

Other Matters

The Company is currently a party to certain unresolved legal proceedings incidental to its business. Although the resolution of these matters cannot be predicted with certainty, it is management’s judgment that the outcome will not likely have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business or its consolidated financial condition or results of operations. If an unfavorable resolution occurs, the Company’s business, results of operations or financial condition could be materially adversely affected.

 

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Information set forth in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains various “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (Securities Act), and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (Exchange Act). All information contained in this report relative to future markets for our products and trends in and anticipated levels of revenue, gross margins and expenses, as well as other statements containing words such as “believe,” “project,” “may,” “will,” “anticipate,” “target,” “plan,” “estimate,” “expect” and “intend” and other similar expressions constitute forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are subject to business, economic and other risks and uncertainties, both known and unknown, and actual results may differ materially from those contained in the forward-looking statements. Any forward-looking statements we make are as of the date made and we have no duty to update them if our views later change. These forward-looking statements should not be relied upon as representing our views as of any date subsequent to the date of this Quarterly Report. Examples of risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from historical performance and any forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, those described in “Risk Factors” in Part II, Item 1A of this Quarterly Report.

The following discussion is designed to provide a better understanding of our unaudited consolidated financial statements, including a brief discussion of our business and products, key factors that impacted our performance, and a summary of our operating results. The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto included in Part I, Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, and the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto and Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended June 28, 2008. Historical results and percentage relationships among any amounts in the financial statements are not necessarily indicative of trends in operating results for any future periods.

Overview of Our Business and Products

Cree, Inc. (“Cree,” “we,” “our,” or “us,”) is a manufacturer of semiconductor materials and devices primarily based on silicon carbide (SiC), gallium nitride (GaN) and related compounds. We currently focus on light emitting diode (LED) products, which consist of LED chips, LED components and LED lighting products. We also develop power and radio frequency (RF) products, including power switching and RF devices. Most of our revenues are generated from the following:

 

 

 

LED products. We derive the largest portion of our revenue from the sale of our LED products. Our LED products consist of our LED chips, LED components, including our XLamp ® LED components and high-brightness LED components, and LED lighting products.

 

   

Materials products. Revenues include the sale of wafers that are based on SiC and/or GaN, which are used in manufacturing LEDs, RF devices, and power devices and for research and development. They also include the sale of SiC material in bulk crystal form, which is used in gemstone applications and revenues from certain materials related licensing arrangements.

 

   

Power and RF products. These products include power switching devices made from SiC and also include RF devices made from SiC or GaN.

 

   

Contracts with government agencies. Government agencies provide us with funding to support the development of primarily SiC and GaN based new technology.

The majority of our products historically have been manufactured at our main production facilities in North Carolina. We also have been increasingly utilizing our facility in Huizhou, China for the

 

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manufacture of our LED components and use contract manufacturers in Asia for certain aspects of our manufacturing process.

Operating Segments

We currently operate our business as one reportable segment. In fiscal 2005, we operated our business in two reportable segments. In the fourth quarter of fiscal 2005, we announced the closure of the Cree Microwave segment, our silicon-based RF and microwave semiconductor business located in Sunnyvale, California. Effective December 25, 2005, we reported Cree Microwave as a discontinued operation.

Industry Dynamics

Our business is primarily focused on selling our LED products. LEDs are currently used to provide energy-efficient lighting in the automotive, mobile phone, liquid crystal display (LCD) backlighting, gaming, signals, indoor and outdoor illumination and video screen markets. LED lighting products are in the initial stages of introduction to the general illumination market. As LED technology continues to develop and improve, we believe the potential market for LED lighting applications will continue to expand.

Select industry factors affecting our business include, among others:

 

   

Overall demand for products and applications using LEDs. Our LEDs are used in a wide range of applications, including the developing market of LED lighting. The pace of adoption of LED lighting technology for the general illumination market will impact the demand for LEDs. Although we have seen increased adoption of LEDs in lighting products over the last several quarters, the recession has reduced demand for LEDs in consumer, mobile and automotive applications.

 

   

Economic Recession. The economic recession has reduced demand for some of our products and reduced visibility in demand from both our distributors and other customers. A continued recession may impact the viability of our vendors and customers, which could result in supply constraints from vendors and reduced customer demand. In addition, an inability to obtain financing could impact our customers’ ability to pay us on time or at all. This has increased the chance that our actual results could differ from our targets.

 

   

Intense and constantly evolving competitive environment. Competition in the industry is intense. Product pricing pressures exist as market participants often undertake pricing strategies to gain or protect market share. To remain competitive, market participants generally must increase product performance and reduce costs to support lower average sales prices. As overall market demand slows, pricing pressure generally increases.

 

   

Intellectual property issues. Market participants rely on patented and non-patented proprietary information relating to product development, manufacturing and other core competencies of their business. Protection of intellectual property is critical. To enforce or protect intellectual property rights, litigation or threatened litigation commonly occurs.

Highlights of the Second Quarter of Fiscal 2009

The following is a summary of our financial results for the three months ended December 28, 2008:

 

   

Our year over year revenues increased approximately 24% to $147.6 million. These amounts include the impact of up-front license fees of $5.6 million. Excluding the impact of these fees, our year over year revenues for the quarter increased approximately 19%;

 

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Our year over year gross margin % (gross profit as a percent of revenue) increased to 38.3% from 35.1% in the prior year. 1.2 points of this gross margin % increase is the result of up-front license fees in the second quarter of fiscal 2009, which had a $5.1 million effect on gross profit;

 

   

We achieved income from operations of $11.5 million in the second quarter of fiscal 2009 compared to $4.2 million in the second quarter of fiscal 2008. Net income per diluted share was $0.12 compared to $0.08 for the second quarter of fiscal 2008;

 

   

We settled our outstanding patent litigation with Bridgelux;

 

   

We signed certain patent licensing arrangements that resulted in up-front licensing revenues of approximately $5.6 million for the quarter ended December 28, 2008;

 

   

Combined cash, cash equivalents and marketable investments increased $26.4 million to $365.5 million at December 28, 2008 (compared to $339.1 million at September 28, 2008);

Results of Operations

The following table sets forth certain consolidated statement of income data for the periods indicated:

 

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     Three Months Ended  
     December 28, 2008     December 30, 2007  

(Dollars in Thousands, Except Per Share Amounts)

   Dollars     % of
Revenue
    Dollars     % of
Revenue
 

Net revenue

   $ 147,623     100.0 %   $ 118,999     100.0 %

Cost of revenue

     91,127     61.7 %     77,203     64.9 %
                            

Gross profit

     56,496     38.3 %     41,796     35.1 %
                            

Research and development

     18,441     12.5 %     14,901     12.5 %

Sales, general and administrative

     21,843     14.8 %     18,211     15.3 %

Amortization of acquisition related intangibles

     4,062     2.8 %     4,048     3.4 %

Loss on disposal or impairment of assets

     645     0.4 %     474     0.4 %
                            

Income from continuing operations

     11,505     7.8 %     4,162     3.5 %

Gain on sale of investments, net

     53     0.0 %     —       0.0 %

Other non-operating (loss) income

     (32 )   0.0 %     66     0.1 %

Interest income, net

     2,539     1.7 %     4,516     3.8 %
                            

Income from continuing operations before income taxes

     14,065     9.5 %     8,744     7.4 %

Income tax expense

     3,218     2.2 %     2,104     1.8 %
                            

Income from continuing operations

     10,847     7.3 %     6,640     5.6 %

Loss from discontinued operations

     (151 )   -0.1 %     (20 )   0.0 %
                            

Net income

   $ 10,696     7.2 %   $ 6,620     5.6 %
                            

Diluted EPS

   $ 0.12       $ 0.08    
                    
     Six Months Ended  
     December 28, 2008     December 30, 2007  

(Dollars in Thousands, Except Per Share Amounts)

   Dollars     % of
Revenue
    Dollars     % of
Revenue
 

Net revenue

   $ 288,001     100.0 %   $ 232,385     100.0 %

Cost of revenue

     182,142     63.2 %     155,849     67.1 %
                            

Gross profit

     105,859     36.8 %     76,536     32.9 %
                            

Research and development

     35,716     12.4 %     27,678     11.9 %

Sales, general and administrative

     44,761     15.5 %     36,373     15.7 %

Amortization of acquisition related intangibles

     8,124     2.8 %     8,096     3.5 %

Loss on disposal or impairment of assets

     1,050     0.4 %     1,209     0.5 %
                            

Income from continuing operations

     16,208     5.6 %     3,180     1.4 %

Gain on sale of investments, net

     65     0.0 %     14,117     6.1 %

Other non-operating income

     153     0.1 %     78     0.0 %

Interest income, net

     5,331     1.9 %     8,231     3.5 %
                            

Income from continuing operations before income taxes

     21,757     7.6 %     25,606     11.0 %

Income tax expense

     4,972     1.7 %     6,098     2.6 %
                            

Income from continuing operations

     16,785     5.8 %     19,508     8.4 %

Loss from discontinued operations

     (170 )   -0.1 %     (174 )   -0.1 %
                            

Net income

   $ 16,615     5.8 %   $ 19,334     8.3 %
                            

Diluted EPS

   $ 0.19       $ 0.22    
                    

Revenues

Revenues were comprised of the following (in thousands, except percentages):

 

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     Three Months Ended     Change     Six Months Ended     Change  
     December 28,
2008
    December 30,
2007
      December 28,
2008
    December 30,
2007
   

LED products

   $ 126,933     $ 99,043     $ 27,890     28 %   $ 250,469     $ 192,506     $ 57,963     30 %

Percent of total revenues

     86 %     83 %         87 %     83 %    

Materials products

     5,716       7,539       (1,823 )   -24 %     11,657       16,001       (4,344 )   -27 %

Percent of total revenues

     4 %     6 %         4 %     7 %    

Power and RF products

     4,946       4,759       187     4 %     10,162       8,797       1,365     16 %

Percent of total revenues

     3 %     4 %         4 %     4 %    
                                                    

Total product revenues

     137,595       111,341       26,254     24 %     272,288       217,304       54,984     25 %

Percent of total revenues

     93 %     94 %         95 %     94 %    

Contracts

     4,446       7,658       (3,212 )   -42 %     10,131       15,081       (4,950 )   -33 %

Percent of total revenues

     3 %     6 %         4 %     6 %    

Up-front license fees

     5,582       —         5,582     100 %     5,582       —         5,582     100 %

Percent of total revenues

     4 %     0 %         2 %     0 %    
                                                    

Total revenues

   $ 147,623     $ 118,999     $ 28,624     24 %   $ 288,001     $ 232,385     $ 55,616     24 %
                                                    

LED Products

We derive the largest portion of our revenue from the sale of LED products which comprised approximately 86% and 83% of our total revenues for the second quarter of fiscal 2009 and fiscal 2008, respectively. For the six months ended December 28, 2008 and December 30, 2007, revenue from the sale of our LED products comprised approximately 87% and 83% of our total revenues, respectively. Revenue from LED products consists principally of sales of our LED chips, LED components, including our XLamp LED components and high-brightness LED components, and LED lighting products.

Revenue from our LED products increased approximately 28% to $126.9 million in the second quarter of fiscal 2009 from $99.0 million in the second quarter of fiscal 2008. For the six months ended December 28, 2008, revenue from our LED products increased approximately 30% to $250.5 million from $192.5 million for the six months ended December 30, 2007. Sales of our LED components caused this year over year growth and more than offset a slight decline in LED chip sales. Additionally, sales in the first six months of fiscal 2009 benefited from the acquisition of LED Lighting Fixtures, Inc. (now Cree LED Lighting Solutions, Inc.) (LLF) in the third quarter of fiscal 2008. The blended average selling price for our LED products increased approximately 47% for the three and six month periods ended December 28, 2008 from the comparable prior year periods. This year over year increase was due to a shift in product mix to a higher proportion of revenues generated from sales of our LED components and LED lighting products.

Materials Products

Materials product sales comprised 4% of our total revenues for the three and six month periods ended December 28, 2008, compared to 6% and 7% of our total revenues for the three and six month periods ended December 30, 2007, respectively.

Revenue from materials products decreased 24% to $5.7 million in the second quarter of fiscal 2009 from $7.5 million in the second quarter of fiscal 2008. For the six months ended December 28, 2008, revenue from materials products decreased 27% to $11.7 million from $16.0 million for the six months ended December 30, 2007. These decreases were due primarily to lower material products sales to Charles & Colvard, Ltd. (Charles & Colvard) for use in gemstone applications. We currently have no backlog from Charles & Colvard and do not know when or if future orders will be placed.

Power and RF Products

Revenues from our power and RF products comprised approximately 3% of our total revenues for the three month period ended December 28, 2008 and 4% of our total revenues for the three month period ended December 30, 2007. For the six month periods ended December 28, 2008 and December 30, 2007, revenues from our power and RF products comprised approximately 4% of our total revenues.

Revenue from power and RF increased approximately 4% to $4.9 million in the second quarter of fiscal 2009 from $4.8 million in the second fiscal quarter of 2008. For the six months ended December 28, 2008

 

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revenue increased 16% to $10.2 million from $8.8 million for the six months ended December 30, 2007. For power products, the increase was due to an increase in unit shipments of products partially offset by a decrease in average selling prices. RF product revenues increased primarily due to a positive shift in product mix toward new and existing products with higher average selling prices.

Contracts

Revenues from our contracts comprised 3% and 4% of our total revenues for the three and six month periods ended December 28, 2008, respectively compared to 6% of our total revenues for the three and six month periods ended December 30, 2007.

Revenues from contracts decreased 42% to $4.4 million in the second quarter of fiscal 2009 from $7.7 million in the second quarter of fiscal 2008. For the six months ended December 28, 2008 revenues from contracts decreased 33% to $10.1 million from $15.1 million for the six months ended December 30, 2007. These decreases were in large part due to the completion of certain long-term contracts. In addition, fluctuations in contract revenue were due to changes in the timing of the initiation of research contracts, the value of those contracts and timing of the work performed. It should also be noted that we have seen a recent trend of the federal government reducing its traditional levels of funding for SiC and GaN research.

Up-Front Licensing Fees

From time to time, we may enter into licensing arrangements related to our intellectual property. In certain instances, these arrangements may include up-front payments to us that, depending on the specific terms and underlying nature of the arrangement, may allow for immediate revenue recognition. For the three and six months ended December 28, 2008, we recognized $5.6 million of revenues related to up-front payments due for licensing arrangements. We had no such up-front licensing fee revenues in the comparable prior year periods.

Gross Profit

Cost of revenue includes materials, labor and overhead costs incurred internally or paid to contract manufacturers to produce our products. Gross profit and gross margin % (gross profit as a percentage of revenue) were as follows (in thousands, except percentages):

 

     Three Months Ended     Change     Six Months Ended     Change  
     December 28,
2008
    December 30,
2007
      December 28,
2008
    December 30,
2007
   

Products, net

   $ 50,764     $ 40,090     $ 10,674     27 %   $ 98,813     $ 73,473     $ 25,340     34 %

Product gross margin

     36.9 %     36.0 %         36.3 %     33.8 %    

Contracts, net

     656       1,706       (1,050 )   -62 %     1,970       3,063       (1,093 )   -36 %

Contract gross margin

     14.8 %     22.3 %         19.4 %     20.3 %    

Up-front licensing fees

     5,076       —         5,076     100 %     5,076       —         5,076     100 %

Up-front licensing gross margin

     90.9 %     0.0 %         90.9 %     0.0 %    
                                                            

Total gross profit

   $ 56,496     $ 41,796     $ 14,700     35 %   $ 105,859     $ 76,536     $ 29,323     38 %

Total gross margin

     38.3 %     35.1 %         36.8 %     32.9 %    

Gross profit from continuing operations in the second quarter of fiscal 2009 increased approximately 35% to $56.5 million from $41.8 million in the second quarter of fiscal 2008. For the six months ended December 28, 2008 gross profit increased approximately 38% to $105.9 million from $76.5 million for the six months ended December 30, 2007. For the three months ended December 28, 2008 our gross margin % increased to 38.3% from 35.1% for the three months ended December 30, 2007. For the six months ended December 2008 our gross margin % increased to 36.8% from 32.9% for the six months ended December 30, 2007. Factors contributing to the increase in gross margin % were changes in product mix to higher margin products and lower per unit production costs due to greater utilization of our LED chip factory, higher LED product yields and revenues from certain licensing arrangements that contributed approximately $5.1 million of gross profit for the three and six month periods ended December 28, 2008.

 

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Research and Development

Research and development (R&D) expenses include costs associated with the development of new products, enhancements of existing products and general technology research. These costs consist primarily of employee salaries and benefits, occupancy costs, consulting costs and the cost of development equipment, R&D materials and supplies.

The following sets forth our research and development expenses in dollars and as a percentage of revenues (in thousands, except percentages):

 

     Three Months Ended     Change     Six Months Ended     Change  
     December 28,
2008
    December 30,
2007
      December 28,
2008
    December 30,
2007
   

Research and development

   $ 18,441     $ 14,901     $ 3,540    24 %   $ 35,716     $ 27,678     $ 8,038    29 %

Percent of total revenues

     12 %     13 %          12 %     12 %     

Research and development expenses in the second quarter of fiscal 2009 increased 24% to $18.4 million from $14.9 million in the second quarter of fiscal 2008. For the six months ended December 28, 2008 research and development expenses increased 29% to $35.7 million from $27.7 million for the six months ended December 30, 2007. The increase was due to our continued research and development activities focusing on higher brightness LED chips, new and improved LED components, new LED lighting products, costs related to the transition to larger wafers, and power and RF initiatives.

Sales, General and Administrative

Sales, general and administrative expenses are composed primarily of costs associated with our sales and marketing personnel and our executive and administrative personnel (for example, legal, finance, information technology and human resources) and consist of salaries and related compensation costs, consulting and other professional services (such as litigation and other outside legal counsel fees, audit and other compliance costs), facilities and insurance costs, and travel and other costs. The following table sets forth our sales, general and administrative expenses in dollars and as a percentage of revenues (in thousands, except percentages):

 

     Three Months Ended     Change     Six Months Ended     Change  
     December 28,
2008
    December 30,
2007
      December 28,
2008
    December 30,
2007
   

Sales, general and administrative

   $ 21,843     $ 18,211     $ 3,632    20 %   $ 44,761     $ 36,373     $ 8,388    23 %

Percent of total revenues

     15 %     15 %          16 %     16 %     

Sales, general and administrative expenses from continuing operations in the second quarter of fiscal 2009 increased 20% to $21.8 million from $18.2 million in the second quarter of fiscal 2008. For the six months ended December 28, 2008, sales, general and administrative expenses increased 23% to $44.8 million from $36.4 million for the six months ended December 30, 2007. The increase was due primarily to increased spending on sales and marketing as we expanded our sales channels and the acquisition of LLF during the third quarter of fiscal 2008. Additionally, costs increased due to the general expansion of our business and increased employee compensation costs.

Amortization of Acquisition Related Intangibles

As a result of our acquisitions, we have recorded various intangible assets that require amortization, principally customer relationships and developed technologies. Amortization of intangible assets related to our acquisitions is as follows (in thousands):

 

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     Three Months Ended    Change     Six Months Ended    Change  
     December 28,
2008
   December 30,
2007
     December 28,
2008
   December 30,
2007
  

INTRINSIC

   $ 186    $ 186    $ —       $ 372    $ 372    $ —    

COTCO

     3,090      3,862      (772 )     6,180      7,724      (1,544 )

LLF

     786      —        786       1,572      —        1,572  
                                            

Total

   $ 4,062    $ 4,048    $ 14     $ 8,124    $ 8,096    $ 28  
                                            

Amortization of acquisition related intangibles from continuing operations was $4.1 million in the second quarter of fiscal 2009 compared to $4.0 million in the second quarter of fiscal 2008. For the six months ended December 28, 2008 and December 30, 2007, amortization of acquisition related intangibles from continuing operations was approximately $8.1 million. Year over year, amortization expense attributable to the intangibles acquired through the COTCO Luminant Device Limited (now Cree Hong Kong Limited) (COTCO) acquisition declined as certain assets were fully amortized by the end of the second quarter of fiscal 2009. This decline in amortization was offset by amortization of the intangibles acquired through the LLF acquisition that closed during the third quarter of fiscal 2008.

Loss on Disposal or Impairment of Long-Lived Assets, net

We operate a capital intensive business. As such, we dispose of a certain level of our equipment in the normal course of business as our production processes change, whether due to production improvement initiatives or product mix changes. Due to the risk of technological obsolescence or changes in our production process, we regularly review our equipment for possible impairments in value. The following table sets forth our loss on disposal or impairment of long-lived assets (in thousands):

 

     Three Months Ended    Change    Six Months Ended    Change  
     December 28,
2008
   December 30,
2007
      December 28,
2008
   December 30,
2007
  

Loss on disposal or impairment of long-lived assets

   $ 645    $ 474    $ 171    $ 1,050    $ 1,209    $ (159 )

We recorded a loss of $0.6 million on the disposal of long-lived assets in the second quarter of fiscal 2009 compared to a loss of $0.5 million in the second quarter of fiscal 2008. For the six months ended December 28, 2008 we recorded a loss of $1.1 million compared to $1.2 million for the six months ended December 30, 2007. These losses are due to the impairment or disposal of certain equipment and the impairment of certain capitalized patent costs. For the three and six month periods ended December 28, 2008, we recorded a loss of approximately $0.5 million related to the impairment of certain fixed assets associated with a discontinued product initiative related to the use of GaN as a substrate material.

Non-Operating Income

The following table sets forth our non-operating income (in thousands):

 

     Three Months Ended    Change     Six Months Ended    Change  
     December 28,
2008
    December 30,
2007
     December 28,
2008
   December 30,
2007
  

Gain on sale of investments, net

   $ 53     $ —      $ 53     $ 65    $ 14,117    $ (14,052 )

Other non-operating (loss) income

   $ (32 )   $ 66    $ (98 )   $ 153    $ 78    $ 75  

Interest income, net

   $ 2,539     $ 4,516    $ (1,977 )   $ 5,331    $ 8,231    $ (2,900 )

During the second quarter of fiscal 2009 and fiscal 2008, we did not have any significant gains or losses realized from the sale of our investments. For the six months ended December 28, 2008 we did not have any significant gains or losses; however, for the six months ended December 30, 2007 we recorded a gain

 

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on the sale of investments of $14.1 million principally related to the sale of our remaining holdings of Color Kinetics Incorporated common stock in the first quarter of fiscal 2008.

Net interest income was $2.5 million compared to $4.5 million for the second quarter of fiscal 2009 and fiscal 2008, respectively. For the six months ended December 28, 2008 and December 30, 2007, net interest income was $5.3 million and $8.2 million, respectively. Year over year interest income decreased due to lower average investment balances and a significant decline in short-term interest rates.

We have historically invested portions of our available cash in fixed interest rate securities such as high-grade corporate debt, commercial paper, government securities, and other fixed interest rate investments. The primary objective of our investments is to preserve principal while maximizing our yields.

Other non-operating income is comprised primarily of miscellaneous foreign exchange gains and losses.

Income Tax Benefit or Expense

The following table sets forth our income tax expense in dollars and our effective tax rate from continuing operations (in thousands, except percentages):

 

     Three Months Ended           Six Months Ended        
     December 28,
2008
    December 30,
2007
    Change     December 28,
2008
    December 30,
2007
    Change  

Income tax expense

   $ 3,218     $ 2,104     $ 1,114     $ 4,972     $ 6,098     $ (1,126 )

Effective tax rate on continuing operations

     22.9 %     24.1 %     -1.2 %     22.9 %     23.8 %     -1.0 %

We recorded income tax expense of $3.2 million for an effective tax rate of 22.9% from continuing operations in the second quarter of fiscal 2009 as compared to income tax expense of $2.1 million for an effective tax rate of 24.1% from continuing operations in the second quarter of fiscal 2008. For the six months ended December 28, 2008 we recorded income tax expense of $5.0 million for an effective tax rate of 22.9% from continuing operations as compared to income tax expense of $6.1 million for an effective tax rate of 23.8% for the six months ended December 30, 2007.

The year over year decline in our effective tax rate is due to new and increased U.S. tax benefits resulting from current year investments in tax exempt obligations as well as increased domestic production activities realization. Additionally, on October 3, 2008, the U.S. Government passed the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 (H.R. 1424) which included a retroactive extension of the R&D tax credit. As a result of the changes in the applicable tax laws resulting from the Act, we estimated a benefit of approximately $0.5 million.

The variation between our effective tax rate and the U.S. statutory rate of 35% is primarily due to the consolidation of our foreign operations, which are generally subject to income taxes at lower statutory rates. A change in the mix of pretax income from these various tax jurisdictions can have a significant impact on our periodic effective tax rate. In addition, our effective tax rate may be negatively impacted by the lack of sufficient excess tax benefits (credits) in our additional paid in capital (APIC) pool in situations where our realized tax deductions for certain stock based compensation awards (such as non-qualified stock options and restricted stock) are less than those originally anticipated.

Income (Loss) from Discontinued Operations, Net of Related Income Tax Benefit

In fiscal 2006, we discontinued the operations of our Cree Microwave subsidiary. The following table sets forth our income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax (in thousands):

 

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     Three Months Ended           Six Months Ended      
     December 28,
2008
    December 30,
2007
    Change     December 28,
2008
    December 30,
2007
    Change

Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax

   $ (151 )   $ (20 )   $ (131 )   $ (170 )   $ (174 )   $ 4

For the three months ended December 28, 2008 our loss from discontinued operations was $0.2 million compared to $20,000 for the three months ended December 30, 2007. For the six months ended December 28, 2008 and December 30, 2007 our loss from discontinued operations was $0.2 million. Our losses were primarily attributable to continued expenses arising from our Sunnyvale facility operating lease that was associated with the operations of our discontinued Cree Microwave subsidiary.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Overview

We require cash to fund our operating expenses and working capital requirements, including outlays for research and development, and to make capital expenditures, strategic acquisitions and investments. Our principal sources of liquidity are cash on hand, marketable investments and cash generated from operations. Our ability to generate cash from operations has been one of our fundamental strengths and has provided us with substantial flexibility in meeting our operating, financing and investing needs. We have no debt or lines of credit and have minimal lease commitments. In the near term, we expect to fund our primary cash requirements through cash generated from operations, and cash and cash equivalents on hand.

From time to time, we evaluate strategic opportunities and potential investments in complementary businesses and we anticipate continuing to make such evaluations. We may also issue debt, additional shares of common stock, or use available cash on hand for the acquisition of complementary businesses or other significant assets or for other strategic opportunities.

Financial Condition

Our liquidity and capital resources depend on our cash flows from operations and our working capital. Our working capital increased to $469.1 million as of December 28, 2008 from $408.2 million at June 29, 2008, primarily due to positive cash flows from operations and cash generated through the exercise of employee stock options. The following table presents the components of our cash conversion cycle for our second quarter of fiscal 2009 and fourth quarter of fiscal 2008:

 

     Three Months
Ended
December 28,
2008
    Three Months
Ended
June 29,

2008
    Change  

Days of sales outstanding (a)

   66     73     (7 )

Days of supply in inventory (b)

   78     80     (2 )

Days in accounts payable (c)

   (43 )   (37 )   (6 )
                  

Cash conversion cycle

   101     116     (15 )
                  

 

(a)

Days of sales outstanding (DSO) calculates the average collection period of our receivables. DSO is based on the ending net trade receivables and the most recent quarterly revenue for each

 

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period. DSO is calculated by adding ending accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts, and dividing that sum by average net revenue per day for the current quarter (90 days).

(b) Days of supply in inventory (DSI) measures the average number of days from procurement to sale of our product. DSI is based on ending inventory and most recent quarterly cost of sales for each period. DSI is calculated by dividing inventory by average cost of goods sold per day for the current quarter (90 days).
(c) Days in accounts payable (DPO) calculates the average number of days our payables remain outstanding before payment. DPO is based on ending accounts payable and most recent quarterly cost of sales for each period. DPO is calculated by dividing accounts payable by average cost of goods sold per day for the current quarter (90 days).

Overall our cash conversion cycle, or days to cash, improved by a net fifteen days. We experienced sequential improvements in DSO, DSI and DPO as we made significant strides in managing our working capital. Most notable was the seven day improvement in our DSO.

As of June 29, 2008, substantially all of our investments had investment grade ratings, and any such investments that were in an unrealized loss position at December 28, 2008 were in such position due to interest rate changes, sector credit rating changes or company-specific rating changes. As we intend and believe that we have the ability to hold such investments for a period of time that will be sufficient for anticipated recovery in market value, we currently expect to receive the full principal or recover our cost basis in these securities. When evaluating our investments for possible impairment, we review factors such as the length of time and extent to which fair value has been below our cost basis, the financial condition of the entity in which the investment is made, and our ability and intent to hold the investment for a period of time that may be sufficient for anticipated recovery in market value. The declines in value of the securities in our portfolio are considered to be temporary in nature and, accordingly, we do not believe these securities are impaired as of December 28, 2008.

We believe our current working capital and anticipated cash flows from operations will be adequate to meet our cash needs for our daily operations and capital expenditures for the remainder of fiscal 2009. We have and may continue to use a portion of our available cash and cash equivalents, or funds underlying our marketable securities, to repurchase shares of our common stock. With our strong working capital position, we believe that we have the ability to continue to invest in further development of our products and, when necessary or appropriate, make selective acquisitions or other strategic investments to strengthen our product portfolio, secure key intellectual properties, or expand our production capacity.

Cash Flows

In summary, our cash flows were as follows (in thousands):

 

     Six Months Ended       
     December 28,
2008
    December 30,
2007
   Change  

Cash provided by operating activities

   $ 84,740     $ 60,646    $ 24,094  

Cash (used in) provided by investing activities

     (154,559 )     36,415      (190,974 )

Cash provided by financing activities

     3,902       14,243      (10,341 )

Effects of foreign exchange changes

     (479 )     —        (479 )
                       

Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents

   $ (66,396 )   $ 111,304    $ (177,700 )

The following is a discussion of our primary sources and uses of cash in our operating, investing and financing activities.

 

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Cash Flows from Operating Activities

Net cash provided by operating activities was $84.7 million for the six months ended December 28, 2008 compared to $60.6 million for the six months ended December 30, 2007. The increase in cash provided by operating activities during the first six months of fiscal 2009 compared to the same period of the prior year is primarily due to higher operating income in the current year, the timing of cash receipts from our customers, and an improvement in DSI. In particular, DSO decreased by approximately seven days from year-end, whereas, DSO went up by approximately four days during the same period in the prior year. DSI improved by about two days from year-end, whereas, DSI increased by about seven days during the same period in the prior year.

Cash Flows from Investing Activities

Net cash used in investing activities was $154.6 million for the six months ended December 28, 2008 compared to net cash provided by investing activities of $36.4 million for the six months ended December 30, 2007. Our investing activities primarily relate to transactions within our investments, strategic acquisitions, purchase of property, plant and equipment and purchase of patent and license rights. Cash used in investing activities increased primarily as a result of the $60.0 million contingent consideration payment related to the COTCO acquisition and net higher amounts of available cash and equivalents utilized to acquire investment grade securities.

Cash Flows from Financing Activities

Net cash provided by financing activities was $3.9 million for the six months ended December 28, 2008 compared to $14.2 million for the six months ended December 30, 2007. Our cash flows from financing activities are principally composed of cash proceeds from the issuance of common stock primarily related to employee stock option exercises and employee stock plan purchases offset by cash outflows related to our repurchase of common stock. Cash provided by financing activities decreased year over year as we experienced a lower level of stock option exercise activity in the first six months of fiscal 2009 as compared to the first six months of fiscal 2008, in addition to increased repurchases of our common stock in the current year.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

We do not use off-balance sheet arrangements with unconsolidated entities or related parties, nor do we use other forms of off-balance sheet arrangements. Accordingly, our liquidity and capital resources are not subject to off-balance sheet risks from unconsolidated entities. As of December 28, 2008, we did not have any off-balance sheet arrangements, as defined in Item 303(a)(4)(ii) of Regulation S-K.

We have entered into operating leases primarily for certain of our facilities in the normal course of business. These arrangements are often referred to as a form of off-balance-sheet financing. Please refer to Part II, Item 7 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 29, 2008, in the section entitled “Contractual Obligations” for the future minimum lease payments due under our operating leases as of June 29, 2008.

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

For information about our other critical accounting policies and estimates, see the “Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates” section of “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 29, 2008.

 

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Recent Accounting Pronouncements

See Note 1, “Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies,” to our unaudited financial statements in Item 1 of this Quarterly Report for a description of recent accounting pronouncements, including the expected dates of adoption and estimated effects, if any, on our consolidated financial statements.

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

For quantitative and qualitative disclosures about our market risks, see Item 7a of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 29, 2008.

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

Our management, with the participation of our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, has evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act) as of the end of the period covered by this Form 10-Q. Based on such evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that, as of the end of the period covered by this Form 10-Q, our disclosure controls and procedures are effective in that they provide reasonable assurances that the information we are required to disclose in the reports we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods required by the United States Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms.

We routinely review our internal control over financial reporting and from time to time make changes intended to enhance the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting. We will continue to evaluate the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures and internal control over financial reporting on an ongoing basis and will take action as appropriate. There have been no changes to our internal control over financial reporting, as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f) under the Exchange Act, during the second quarter of fiscal 2009 that we believe materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

Item 4T. Controls and Procedures

Not applicable.

PART II - OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Legal Proceedings

Please refer to the section entitled “Litigation” under Note 12—Commitments and Contingencies of the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements in Item 8 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 29, 2008 for a description of material legal proceedings, including the proceedings discussed below.

Bridgelux Patent Litigation

 

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In December 2008, we entered into an agreement with Boston University and Bridgelux to resolve the litigation between the parties. Pursuant to the settlement agreement, all claims and counterclaims in the lawsuits have been dismissed without prejudice. We granted Bridgelux a license to the company and Boston University patents at issue in the litigation, and Bridgelux agreed to pay a license fee and royalties. In addition, we entered into a supply agreement with Bridgelux under which we are to supply LED chips to Bridgelux.

Other Matters

We are currently a party to certain unresolved legal proceedings incidental to our business. Although the resolution of these matters cannot be predicted with certainty, it is management’s judgment that the outcome will not likely have a material adverse effect on our business or our consolidated financial condition or results of operations. If an unfavorable resolution occurs, our business, results of operations or financial condition could be materially adversely affected.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

Described below are various risks and uncertainties that may affect our business. These risks and uncertainties are not the only ones we face. Additional risks and uncertainties, both known and unknown, including ones that we currently deem immaterial or that are similar to those faced by other companies in our industry or business in general, may also affect our business. If any of the risks described below actually occurs, our business, financial condition or results of operations could be materially and adversely affected.

Our business may be adversely affected by the recent financial crisis and our, or our customers’, ability to access the capital markets.

As widely reported, global financial markets have been experiencing extreme disruptions in recent months, including severely diminished liquidity and credit availability, declines in consumer confidence, declines in economic growth, increases in unemployment rates, and uncertainty about economic stability. There can be no assurance that there will not be further deterioration in the global financial markets and decreased consumer confidence in economic conditions. We are unable to predict the likely duration and severity of the current disruptions in the financial markets and the adverse global economic conditions, and if the current uncertainty continues or economic conditions further deteriorate, our business and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected.

Our business and results of operations could be impacted by a number of follow-on effects of the financial crisis, including the inability of our customers, or their customers, to obtain sufficient financing to purchase historical or projected quantities of our products. Our revenues and gross margins are dependent upon this demand, and if our projections of these expenditures fail to materialize due to reductions in customer purchases, our revenues and gross margins could be adversely affected.

Additionally, the inability of our customers and suppliers to access capital efficiently, or at all, may have other adverse effects on our financial condition. For example, financial difficulties experienced by our customers or suppliers could result in product delays, increased accounts receivable defaults and increased inventory exposure. These risks may increase if our customers and suppliers do not adequately manage their business or do not properly disclose their financial condition to us.

Although we believe we have adequate liquidity and capital resources to fund our operations internally, in light of current market conditions, our inability to access the capital markets on favorable terms, or at all, may adversely affect our financial performance. The inability to obtain adequate financing from debt or capital sources could force us to self-fund strategic initiatives or even forgo certain opportunities, which in turn could potentially harm our performance.

 

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Our results of operations, financial condition and business could be harmed if we were unable to balance customer demand and capacity.

As customer demand for our products changes, we must be able to ramp up or adjust our production capacity to meet demand. We are continually taking steps to address our manufacturing capacity needs for our products. If we are not able to increase our capacity or if we increase our capacity too quickly, our business and results of operations could be adversely impacted. If we experience delays or unforeseen costs associated with adjusting our capacity levels, we may not be able to achieve our financial targets.

Conversely, due to the proportionately high fixed cost nature of our business, when demand decreases, we may not be able to reduce manufacturing expenses or overhead costs at the same rate as demand, which could result in lower margins and adversely impact our business results.

Our operating results and margins may fluctuate significantly.

We have experienced significant fluctuations in our revenue, earnings and margins over the past few years, and we may continue to experience significant fluctuations in our revenue, earnings and margins in the future. Historically, the prices of our LEDs have declined based on market trends. We attempt to maintain our margins by constantly developing new or improved products, which provide greater value and result in higher average selling prices, or by lowering the cost to manufacture our LEDs. If we are unable to do so, our margins will decline.

Our operating results and margins may vary significantly in the future due to many other factors, including the following:

 

   

changes in demand for our products and our customers’ products, due to an economic slow-down or otherwise, that may in turn cause fluctuations in our revenue and gross margins and result in possible inventory obsolescence;

 

   

average sales prices for our products declining at a greater rate than anticipated;

 

   

fluctuations in foreign currency as more of our revenue may be in non-U.S. currencies;

 

   

our ability to develop, manufacture and deliver products in a timely and cost-effective manner;

 

   

variations in the amount of usable product produced during manufacturing (our “yield”);

 

   

our ability to improve yields and reduce manufacturing costs in order to allow lower product pricing without margin reductions;

 

   

our increased reliance on subcontractors for production capacity and logistics support;

 

   

our ability to cost effectively ramp up production capacity at our factories or the facilities of our subcontractors;

 

   

our ability to ramp up production of new products;

 

   

our ability to convert substrates used in our volume manufacturing to larger diameters, which generally allows for a more cost effective manufacturing process;

 

   

our ability to produce more efficient, higher brightness LED products that satisfy customer design requirements;

 

   

our ability to continue improving our current products and developing new products to specifications that meet the evolving needs of our customers;

 

   

raw material price fluctuations, including certain commodities consumed in our production process;

 

   

changes in the competitive landscape, such as inventions of new technology, availability of higher brightness LED products, higher volume production and lower pricing from competitors;

 

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changes in the mix of products we sell, which may vary significantly;

 

   

product returns or exchanges due to quality-related matters or improper use of our products;

 

   

changes in purchase commitments by our large customers, including those permitted under current contracts;

 

   

changes in production capacity and variations in the utilization of that capacity;

 

   

disruptions of our manufacturing processes that could result from natural or other disasters, especially in the case of our single site for SiC wafer and LED production;

 

   

disruptions in supply from our sole source vendors;

 

   

changes in legislation, regulations, or tax or accounting rules or changes in their interpretation; and

 

   

changes in the amount of litigation costs we incur to protect our intellectual property rights.

These or other factors could adversely affect our future operating results and margins. If our future operating results or margins are below the expectations of stock market analysts or our investors, our stock price will likely decline.

If we fail to evaluate, implement and integrate strategic opportunities successfully, our business may suffer.

From time to time we evaluate strategic opportunities available to us for product, technology or business acquisitions. For example, in July 2006 we acquired INTRINSIC Semiconductor Corporation, in March 2007 we acquired COTCO, and in February 2008 we acquired LLF. If we choose to make acquisitions, we face certain risks, such as failure of the acquired business to meet our performance expectations, diversion of management attention, retention of existing customers of our current and acquired businesses, and difficulty in integrating the acquired business’s operations, personnel and financial and operating systems into our current business. We may not be able to successfully address these risks or any other problems that arise from our recent or future acquisitions. Any failure to successfully evaluate strategic opportunities and address risks or other problems that arise related to any acquisition could adversely affect our business, results of operations or financial condition.

We face significant challenges managing our growth.

We have experienced a period of significant growth over the past few years that may challenge our management and other resources. We are also in the process of transforming our business to support a global components and LED lighting product customer base. In order to manage our growth and change in our strategy effectively, we must continue to:

 

   

expand global sales, marketing and distribution;

 

   

implement and improve operating and information technology systems;

 

   

maintain adequate manufacturing facilities and equipment to meet customer demand;

 

   

maintain a sufficient supply of raw materials to support our growth;

 

   

expand the skills and capabilities of our current management team;

 

   

add experienced senior level managers; and

 

   

attract and retain qualified employees.

 

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We expect to spend substantial amounts of money in supporting our growth and may have additional unexpected costs. We may not be able to expand quickly enough to exploit potential market opportunities. Our future operating results will also depend on expanding sales and marketing, research and development and administrative functions to support a global components customer base. If we cannot attract qualified employees or manage growth and change effectively, our business, results of operations and financial condition could be adversely affected.

In connection with our growth, we are increasingly dependent on information technology to enable us to improve the effectiveness of our operations and to maintain financial accuracy and efficiency. In fiscal 2009, we have implemented our primary financial reporting system at the recently acquired LLF entity and a portion of the business assumed in the COTCO acquisition. We plan to extend this roll-out to the remainder of the key COTCO operations later in fiscal 2009. If we do not allocate and effectively manage the resources necessary to build, implement and sustain the proper technology infrastructure, we could be subject to transaction errors, processing inefficiencies, loss of customers, business disruptions or loss of or damage to intellectual property through security breach.

In addition, we have outsourced certain administrative functions, such as payroll processing, to third-party service providers to achieve cost savings and efficiencies. If these service providers do not perform effectively, we may not be able to achieve the expected cost savings and may incur additional costs to correct errors. Depending on the function involved, such errors may also lead to business disruption, processing inefficiencies or the loss of or damage to intellectual property through security breach, or impact employee morale.

If we are unable to effectively develop and expand the distribution channels for our component products and lighting products, our operating results may suffer.

We have expanded into new business channels that are different from those that we have historically operated in as we grow our business and sell lighting products and more LED components versus LED chips. If we are unable to penetrate these new distribution channels to ensure our products are reaching the appropriate customer base, our financial results may be impacted. In addition, if we successfully penetrate these new distribution channels, we cannot guarantee that customers will accept our products or that we will be able to manufacture and deliver them in the timeline established by our customers.

Our LED revenues are highly dependent on our customers’ ability to produce and sell more integrated products using our LED products.

Because our customers generally integrate our LED products into the products that they market and sell, our LED revenues depend on getting our LED products designed into a larger number of our customers’ products and our customers’ ability to sell those products. For example, some of our current customers, as well as prospective customers, create white LED components using our blue LEDs, in combination with phosphors. Sales of blue LED chips are highly dependent upon our customers’ ability to procure efficient phosphors, develop high quality and highly efficient white LED components and gain access to the necessary intellectual property rights. Even if our customers are able to develop competitive white LED components using our blue LED chips, there can be no assurance that our customers will be successful in the marketplace. We also have current and prospective customers that create lighting systems using our LED components. Sales of LED components for these applications are highly dependent upon our customers’ ability to develop high quality and highly efficient lighting products, including thermal design, optical design and power conversion. The lighting industry has traditionally not had this level of technical expertise for LED related designs, which may limit the success of our customers’ products. Even if our customers are able to develop efficient systems, there can be no assurance that our customers will be successful in the marketplace.

As a result of our entry into and continued expansion in new markets, such as LED components and LED lighting products, our traditional customers may reduce orders.

 

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Through acquisitions and organic growth, we have moved into and continue to expand in new markets, such as LED components and LED lighting products. In these new markets, some of our current customers may now perceive us as a competitor. In response, our customers may reduce their orders for our products. This reduction in orders could occur faster than our sales growth in these new markets, which could adversely affect our business, results of operations or financial condition.

Our operating results are substantially dependent on the development and acceptance of new products based on our technology.

Our future success may depend on our ability to develop new and lower cost solutions for existing and new markets and for customers to accept those solutions. We must introduce new products in a timely and cost-effective manner, and we must secure production orders for those products from our customers. The development of new products is a highly complex process, and we historically have experienced delays in completing the development and introduction of new products. The successful development and introduction of these products depends on a number of factors, including the following:

 

   

achievement of technology breakthroughs required to make commercially viable devices;

 

   

the accuracy of our predictions for market requirements and evolving standards;

 

   

acceptance of our new product designs;

 

   

acceptance of new technology in certain markets;

 

   

the availability of qualified research and development personnel;

 

   

our timely completion of product designs and development;

 

   

our ability to expand sales and influence key customers to adopt our products;

 

   

our ability to develop repeatable processes to manufacture new products in sufficient quantities and at low enough costs for commercial sales;

 

   

our ability to effectively transfer products and technology developed in one country to our manufacturing facilities in other countries;

 

   

our customers’ ability to develop competitive products incorporating our products; and

 

   

acceptance of our customers’ products by the market.

If any of these or other factors becomes problematic, we may not be able to develop and introduce these new products in a timely or cost-effective manner.

Litigation could adversely affect our operating results and financial condition.

We are often involved in patent infringement litigation as described in Note 12, “Commitments and Contingencies,” in our consolidated financial statements included in Item 8 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 29, 2008. Defending against existing and potential litigation will likely require significant attention and resources and, regardless of the outcome, result in significant legal expenses, which will adversely affect our results unless covered by insurance or recovered from third parties. If our defenses are ultimately unsuccessful, or if we are unable to achieve a favorable resolution, we could be liable for damage awards that could materially adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

Where necessary, we may initiate litigation to enforce our patent or other intellectual property rights. Any such litigation may require us to spend a substantial amount of time and money and could distract management from our day-to-day operations. Moreover, there is no assurance that we will be successful in any such litigation.

 

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Our business may be impaired by claims that we, or our customers, infringe intellectual property rights of others.

Vigorous protection and pursuit of intellectual property rights characterize the semiconductor industry. These traits have resulted in significant and often protracted and expensive litigation. Litigation to determine the validity of patents or claims by third parties of infringement of patents or other intellectual property rights could result in significant expense and divert the efforts of our technical personnel and management, even if the litigation results in a determination favorable to us. In the event of an adverse result in such litigation, we could be required to:

 

   

pay substantial damages;

 

   

indemnify our customers;

 

   

stop the manufacture, use and sale of products found to be infringing;

 

   

incur asset impairment charges;

 

   

discontinue the use of processes found to be infringing;

 

   

expend significant resources to develop non-infringing products and processes; and/or

 

   

obtain a license to use third party technology.

There can be no assurance that third parties will not attempt to assert infringement claims against us, or our customers, with respect to our products. In addition, our customers may face infringement claims directed to the customer’s products that incorporate our products, and an adverse result could impair the customer’s demand for our products. We have also promised certain of our customers that we will indemnify them in the event they are sued by our competitors for infringement claims directed to the products we supply. Under these indemnification obligations we may be responsible for future payments to resolve infringement claims against them. From time to time we receive correspondence asserting that our products or processes are or may be infringing patents or other intellectual property rights of others. If we believe the assertions may have merit or in other appropriate circumstances, we take appropriate steps to seek to obtain a license or to avoid the infringement. However, we cannot predict whether a license will be available or that we would find the terms of any license offered acceptable or commercially reasonable. Failure to obtain a necessary license could cause us to incur substantial liabilities and costs and to suspend the manufacture of products.

There are limitations on our ability to protect our intellectual property.

Our intellectual property position is based in part on patents owned by us and patents exclusively licensed to us. We intend to continue to file patent applications in the future, where appropriate, and to pursue such applications with U.S. and foreign patent authorities.

However, our existing patents are subject to expiration and we cannot be sure that additional patents will be issued on any new applications around the covered technology or that our existing or future patents will not be successfully contested by third parties. Also, since issuance of a valid patent does not prevent other companies from using alternative, non-infringing technology, we cannot be sure that any of our patents, or patents issued to others and licensed to us, will provide significant commercial protection, especially as new competitors enter the market.

In addition to patent protection, we also rely on trade secrets and other non-patented proprietary information relating to our product development and manufacturing activities. We try to protect this information through appropriate efforts to maintain its secrecy, including requiring employees and third parties to sign confidentiality agreements. We cannot be sure that these efforts will be successful or that the confidentiality agreements will not be breached. We also cannot be sure that we would have adequate remedies for any breach of such agreements or other misappropriation of our trade secrets, or that our

 

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trade secrets and proprietary know-how will not otherwise become known or be independently discovered by others.

Our operations in foreign countries, including China and other Asian countries, expose us to certain risks inherent in doing business internationally, which may adversely affect our business, results of operations or financial condition.

As a result of acquisitions and organic growth, we have operations, manufacturing facilities and subcontract arrangements in foreign countries that expose us to certain risks, including the following:

 

   

foreign exchange fluctuations, as we conduct operations and have sales denominated in non-U.S. currencies;

 

   

protection of intellectual property and trade secrets;

 

   

tariffs and other barriers;

 

   

timing and availability of export licenses;

 

   

rising labor costs;

 

   

disruptions in the infrastructure of the foreign countries where we operate;

 

   

difficulties in accounts receivable collections;

 

   

difficulties in staffing and managing international operations;

 

   

the burden of complying with foreign and international laws and treaties; and

 

   

the burden of complying with and changes in international taxation policies.

In some instances, we have been provided and may continue to receive incentives from foreign governments to encourage our investment in certain countries, regions, or areas. In particular, we have received and may continue to receive such incentives in connection with our operations in China, as the Chinese national and local governments seek to encourage the development of the technology industry in China. Government incentives may include tax rebates, reduced tax rates, favorable lending policies and other measures, some or all of which may be available to us due to our foreign operations. Any of these incentives could be reduced or eliminated by governmental authorities at any time. Any reduction or elimination of incentives currently provided to our operations could adversely affect our business and results of operations.

We are subject to risks related to international sales.

We expect that revenue from international sales will continue to represent the majority of our total revenue. International sales are subject to a variety of risks, including risks arising from currency fluctuations, tariffs, trade barriers, collection issues and taxes. Our international sales are subject to variability as our selling prices become less competitive in countries with currencies that are declining in value against the U.S. Dollar and more competitive in countries with currencies that are increasing in value against the U.S. Dollar.

In addition, international sales are subject to numerous U.S. and foreign laws and regulations, including, without limitation, regulations relating to import-export control, technology transfer restrictions, the International Traffic in Arms Regulation promulgated under the Arms Export Control Act, the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and the anti-boycott provisions of the U.S. Export Administration Act. If we fail to comply with these laws and regulations, we could be liable for administrative, civil or criminal liabilities, and in the extreme case, we could be suspended or debarred from government contracts or our export privileges could be suspended, which could have a material adverse effect on our business.

 

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Variations in our production yields could impact our ability to reduce costs and could cause our margins to decline and our operating results could suffer.

All of our products are manufactured using technologies that are highly complex. The number of usable items, or yield, from our production processes may fluctuate as a result of many factors, including but not limited to the following:

 

   

variability in our process repeatability and control;

 

   

contamination of the manufacturing environment;

 

   

equipment failure, power outages or variations in the manufacturing process;

 

   

lack of consistency and adequate quality and quantity of piece parts and other raw materials;

 

   

losses from broken wafers or human errors;

 

   

defects in packaging either within our facilities or at our subcontractors; and

 

   

any transitions or changes in our production process, planned or unplanned.

If our yields decrease, our costs could increase, our margins could decline and our operating results could be adversely affected. In the past, we have experienced difficulties in achieving acceptable yields on new products, which has adversely affected our operating results. We may experience similar problems in the future, and we cannot predict when they may occur or their severity. In some instances, we may offer products for future delivery at prices based on planned yield improvements. Reduced yields or failure to achieve planned yield improvements could continue to significantly affect our margins and operating results.

We rely on a few key sole source and limited source suppliers.

We depend on a small number of sole source and limited source suppliers for certain raw materials, components, services and equipment used in manufacturing our products, including key materials and equipment used in critical stages of our manufacturing processes. Although alternative sources generally exist for these items, qualification of many of these alternative sources could take up to six months or longer. Where possible, we attempt to identify alternative sources for our sole and limited source suppliers.

We generally purchase these sole or limited source items with purchase orders, and we have limited guaranteed supply arrangements with such suppliers. We do not control the time and resources that these suppliers devote to our business, and we cannot be sure that these suppliers will perform their obligations to us. In the past, we have experienced decreases in our production yields when suppliers have varied from previously agreed upon specifications that have impacted our cost of sales.

Additionally, the inability of our suppliers to access capital efficiently could cause disruptions in their businesses, thereby negatively impacting ours. This risk may increase if the general economic downturn negatively affects key suppliers or a significant number of our other suppliers. Any delay in product delivery or other interruption or variation in supply from these suppliers could prevent us from meeting commercial demand for our products. If we were to lose key suppliers, our key suppliers were unable to support our demand or we were unable to identify and qualify alternative suppliers, our manufacturing operations could be interrupted or hampered significantly.

The markets in which we operate are highly competitive and have evolving technology standards.

The markets for our products are highly competitive. In the LED market, we compete with companies that manufacture or sell nitride-based LED chips as well as those that sell LED components. Competitors are offering new blue, green and white LEDs with aggressive prices and improved performance. These competitors may reduce average sales prices faster than we are able to reduce costs, and competitive pricing pressures may accelerate the rate of decline of our average sales prices. The market for SiC wafers

 

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is also becoming competitive as other firms in recent years have begun offering SiC and GaN products or announced plans to do so.

Competition is increasing. In order to achieve our revenue growth objectives in fiscal 2009 and beyond, we need to continue to develop new products that enable our customers to win new designs and increase market share in key areas such as mobile products and general lighting class applications. Additionally, we anticipate that increased competition for these designs will result in pressure to lower sales prices of our products. Therefore, our ability to provide higher performance LEDs at lower costs will be critical to our success. Competitors may also try to align with some of our strategic customers. This could mean lower prices for our products, reduced demand for our products and a corresponding reduction in our ability to recover development, engineering and manufacturing costs. Competitors also could invent new technologies that may make our products obsolete. Any of these developments could have an adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial condition.

If government agencies discontinue or curtail their funding for our research and development programs, our business may suffer.

Changes in federal budget priorities could adversely affect our contract revenue. Historically, government agencies have funded a significant portion of our research and development activities. When the government changes budget priorities, such as in times of war or financial crisis, our funding has the risk of being redirected to other programs. Government contracts are also subject to the risk that the government agency may not appropriate and allocate all funding contemplated by the contract. In addition, our government contracts generally permit the contracting authority to terminate the contracts for the convenience of the government. The full value of the contracts would not be realized if they were prematurely terminated. Furthermore, we may be unable to incur sufficient allowable costs to generate the full estimated contract values and there is some risk that any technologies developed under these contracts may not have commercial value. If government funding is discontinued or reduced, our ability to develop or enhance products could be limited, and our business, results of operations and financial condition could be adversely affected.

Our failure to comply with applicable environmental laws and regulations worldwide could harm our business and results of operations.

The manufacturing, assembling and testing of our products require the use of hazardous materials that are subject to a broad array of environmental, health and safety laws and regulations. Our failure to comply with any of these applicable laws or regulations could result in:

 

   

regulatory penalties, fines and legal liabilities;

 

   

suspension of production;

 

   

alteration of our fabrication, assembly and test processes; and

 

   

curtailment of our operations or sales.

In addition, our failure to manage the use, transportation, emission, discharge, storage, recycling or disposal of hazardous materials could subject us to increased costs or future liabilities. Existing and future environmental laws and regulations could also require us to acquire pollution abatement or remediation equipment, modify our product designs or incur other expenses associated with such laws and regulations. Many new materials that we are evaluating for use in our operations may be subject to regulation under existing or future environmental laws and regulations that may restrict our use of one or more of such materials in our manufacturing, assembly and test processes or products. Any of these restrictions could harm our business and results of operations by increasing our expenses or requiring us to alter our manufacturing processes.

 

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If our products fail to perform or meet customer requirements, we could incur significant additional costs.

The manufacture of our products involves highly complex processes. Our customers specify quality, performance and reliability standards that we must meet. If our products do not meet these standards, we may be required to replace or rework the products. In some cases, our products may contain undetected defects or flaws that only become evident after shipment. We have experienced product quality, performance or reliability problems from time to time. Defects or failures may occur in the future. If failures or defects occur, we could:

 

   

lose revenue;

 

   

incur increased costs, such as warranty expense and costs associated with customer support;

 

   

experience delays, cancellations or rescheduling of orders for our products;

 

   

write down existing inventory; or

 

   

experience product returns.

Changes in our effective tax rate may have an adverse effect on our results of operations.

Our future effective tax rates may be adversely affected by a number of factors including:

 

   

changes in government administrations, such as the Presidency and Congress of the US as well as in the States and countries in which we operate;

 

   

changes in tax laws or interpretation of such tax laws and changes in generally accepted accounting principles;

 

   

the jurisdiction in which profits are determined to be earned and taxed;

 

   

the resolution of issues arising from tax audits with various authorities;

 

   

changes in the valuation of our deferred tax assets and liabilities;

 

   

adjustments to estimated taxes upon finalization of various tax returns;

 

   

increases in expenses not deductible for tax purposes, including write-offs of acquired in-process research and development and impairment of goodwill in connection with acquisitions;

 

   

changes in available tax credits;

 

   

the recognition and measurement of uncertain tax positions;

 

   

the lack of sufficient excess tax benefits (credits) in our additional paid in capital (“APIC”) pool in situations where our realized tax deductions for certain stock-based compensation awards (such as non-qualified stock options and restricted stock) are less than those originally anticipated; and

 

   

the repatriation of non-U.S. earnings for which we have not previously provided for U.S. taxes.

Any significant increase in our future effective tax rates could adversely impact net income for future periods. In addition, the determination of our income tax provision requires complex estimations, significant judgments and significant knowledge and experience concerning the applicable tax laws. To the extent our income tax liability materially differs from our income tax provisions and accruals due to factors, including the above, that were not anticipated at the time we estimated our tax provision, our net income or cash flows could be adversely affected.

 

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In order to compete, we must attract, retain and motivate key employees, and our failure to do so could harm our results of operations.

In order to compete, we must attract, retain and motivate executives and other key employees, including those in managerial, technical, sales, marketing and support positions. We generally do not have long-term employment agreements or other arrangements with our employees that could deter them from leaving. Hiring and retaining qualified executives, scientists, engineers, technical staff and sales personnel are critical to our business, and competition for experienced employees in our industry can be intense. To help attract, retain and motivate key employees, we use stock-based compensation awards such as non-qualified stock options and restricted stock. If the value of such stock awards does not appreciate, as measured by the performance of the price of our common stock, or if our share-based compensation otherwise ceases to be viewed as a valuable benefit, our ability to attract, retain and motivate employees could be weakened, which could harm our business and results of operations.

We are exposed to fluctuations in the market value of our investment portfolio and in interest rates, and therefore, impairment of our investments or lower investment income could harm our earnings.

We are exposed to market value and the inherent interest rate risk related to our investment portfolio. We have historically invested portions of our available cash in fixed interest rate securities such as high-grade corporate debt, commercial paper, government securities and other fixed interest rate investments. The primary objective of our investments is to preserve principal and we only acquire investments rated “A” grade or better. However, our investments are not all FDIC -insured and may lose value; in addition, declines in underlying interest rates will have a negative impact on the income generated from our investments, which could materially adversely affect our results of operations.

Fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates may affect our operating results as costs of operating certain of our foreign subsidiaries are incurred in other currencies.

We conduct business in countries outside the United States, which exposes us to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates. In addition, our financial statements are presented in U.S. Dollars, which requires that results of these foreign operations be translated at average exchange rates into U.S. Dollars for financial reporting purposes. As a result, fluctuations in exchange rates may affect our expenses and results of operations as well as the value of our assets and liabilities. We have not entered into any foreign currency derivative financial instruments; however, we may choose to do so in the future in an effort to manage or hedge our foreign exchange rate risk.

We may be required to record a significant charge to earnings if our goodwill or amortizable intangible assets become impaired.

We are required under generally accepted accounting principles to review our amortizable intangible assets and investments in equity interests for impairment when events or changes in circumstances indicate the carrying value may not be recoverable. Goodwill is required to be tested for impairment at least annually. Factors that may be considered a change in circumstances indicating that the carrying value of our amortizable intangible assets or goodwill may not be recoverable include a decline in stock price and market capitalization and slower growth rates in our industry. We may be required to record a significant charge to earnings in our consolidated financial statements during the period in which any impairment of our amortizable intangible assets or goodwill is determined to exist. This could adversely impact our results of operations.

Catastrophic events or geo-political conditions may disrupt our business.

A disruption or failure of our systems or operations in the event of a natural disaster, fire, cyber-attack, terrorist attack or other catastrophic event could cause delays in completing sales, continuing production or performing other critical functions of our business. A catastrophic event that results in the destruction or disruption to our supply chain or any of our critical business or information technology systems could severely affect our ability to conduct normal business operations and, as a result, our

 

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operating results could be adversely affected. Abrupt political change, terrorist activity and armed conflict pose a risk of general economic disruption in affected countries, which could result in an adverse effect on our business and results of operations.

Our results of operations could vary as a result of the methods, estimates and judgments that we use in applying our accounting policies.

The methods, estimates and judgments that we use in applying our accounting policies have a significant impact on our results of operations (see “Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates” in Item 7 of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 29, 2008). Such methods, estimates and judgments are, by their nature, subject to substantial risks, uncertainties and assumptions, and factors may arise over time that lead us to change our methods, estimates and judgments. Changes in those methods, estimates and judgments could significantly affect our results of operations.

 

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

Not applicable.

 

Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities

Not applicable.

 

Item 4. Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders

Our Annual Meeting of Shareholders was held on October 30, 2008. The following matters were submitted to a vote of the shareholders with the results shown below:

 

(a) Election of seven directors, each elected to serve until the later of the next Annual Meeting of Shareholders or until such time as his successor has been duly elected and qualified.

 

Name

   Votes For    Votes Withheld

Charles M. Swoboda

   64,941,401    15,328,484

John W. Palmour, Ph. D.

   65,106,210    15,163,675

Dolph W. von Arx

   63,855,966    16,413,919

Clyde R. Hosein

   65,005,655    15,264,230

Franco Plastina

   64,881,452    15,388,433

Harvey A. Wagner

   64,862,825    15,407,060

Thomas H. Werner

   64,344,057    15,925,828

 

(b) Approval of amendments to the 2004 Long-Term Incentive Compensation Plan.

 

Votes For

   Votes Against    Abstained

61,354,606

   2,096,218    185,895

 

(c) Approval of amendments to the 2005 Employee Stock Purchase Plan

 

Votes For

   Votes Against    Abstained

60,790,381

   2,705,184    141,154

 

(d) Ratification of the appointment of Ernst & Young LLP as independent auditors for the fiscal year ended June 28, 2009.

 

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Votes For

   Votes Against    Abstained

79,589,137

   535,713    145,035

The matters listed above are described in detail in our definitive proxy statement dated September 16, 2008 for the Annual Meeting of Shareholders held on October 30, 2008.

 

Item 5. Other Information

Not applicable.

 

Item 6. Exhibits

The following exhibits are being filed herewith and are numbered in accordance with Item 601 of Regulation S-K:

 

Exhibit No.

  

Description

10.1

   2004 Long-Term Incentive Compensation Plan, as amended (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, dated October 30, 2008, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on October 31, 2008)

31.1

   Certification by Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

31.2

   Certification by Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

32.1

   Certification by Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

32.2

   Certification by Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

 

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SIGNATURE

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

  CREE, INC.
Date: January 21, 2009  
 

/s/ John T. Kurtzweil

  John T. Kurtzweil
  Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer
  (Authorized Officer and Principal Financial and Chief Accounting Officer)

 

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EXHIBIT INDEX

 

Exhibit No.

  

Description

10.1

   2004 Long-Term Incentive Compensation Plan, as amended (incorporated herein by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, dated October 30, 2008, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on October 31, 2008)

31.1

   Certification by Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

31.2

   Certification by Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

32.1

   Certification by Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

32.2

   Certification by Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

50

Exhibit 31.1

Certification by Chief Executive Officer

pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as

adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

I, Charles M. Swoboda, certify that:

 

  1. I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of Cree, Inc.;

 

  2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

  3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

  4. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

  (a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

  (b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

  (c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

  (d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

  5. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

51


  (a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

  (b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

Date: January 21, 2009

 

/s/ Charles M. Swoboda

Charles M. Swoboda
Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer

 

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Exhibit 31.2

Certification by Chief Financial Officer

pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as

adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

I, John T. Kurtzweil, certify that:

 

  1. I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of Cree, Inc.;

 

  2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

  3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

  4. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

  (a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

  (b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

  (c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

  (d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

  5. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

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  (a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

  (b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

Date: January 21, 2009

 

/s/ John T. Kurtzweil

John T. Kurtzweil
Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer

 

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Exhibit 32.1

Certification by Chief Executive Officer

pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350,

as adopted pursuant to

Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

In connection with the Quarterly Report of Cree, Inc. (the “Company”) on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended December 28, 2008 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), I, Charles M. Swoboda, Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer of the Company, certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, to my knowledge, that:

 

(1) The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended; and

 

(2) The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

 

/s/ Charles M. Swoboda

Charles M. Swoboda
Chairman, Chief Executive Officer and President
January 21, 2009

This Certification is being furnished solely to accompany the Report pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, and shall not be deemed “filed” by the Company for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and shall not be incorporated by reference into any filing of the Company under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, whether made before or after the date of this Report, irrespective of any general incorporation language contained in such filing.

A signed original of this written statement required by Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 has been provided to the Company and will be retained by the Company and furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission or its staff upon request.

 

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Exhibit 32.2

Certification by Chief Financial Officer

pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350,

as adopted pursuant to

Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

In connection with the Quarterly Report of Cree, Inc. (the “Company”) on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended December 28, 2008 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), I, John T. Kurtzweil, Chief Financial Officer of the Company, certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, to my knowledge, that:

 

(1) The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended; and

 

(2) The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

 

/s/ John T. Kurtzweil

John T. Kurtzweil
Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer
January 21, 2009

This Certification is being furnished solely to accompany the Report pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, and shall not be deemed “filed” by the Company for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and shall not be incorporated by reference into any filing of the Company under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, whether made before or after the date of this Report, irrespective of any general incorporation language contained in such filing.

A signed original of this written statement required by Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 has been provided to the Company and will be retained by the Company and furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission or its staff upon request.

 

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